Advertisement

Command and Authorization Services for Multiple Humans Interacting with a Software Control Agent for Advanced Life Support

  • Cheryl Martin
  • Debra Schreckenghost
  • Pete Bonasso
Conference paper
  • 386 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4324)

Abstract

This paper describes current work developing command and authorization services to support the coordination of multiple humans and an autonomous control agent working on the same underlying advanced life support system. The primary goal of these services is to prevent unknowing or accidental conflicts from arising as a result of issuing commands or taking action on the system. Avoiding such conflicts minimizes the risk of interfering with the work of another agent or putting the system into an unsafe operating state. This paper provides an overview of the advanced life support system at NASA to which this work has been applied and then discusses details for authorization, overrides, and system reconfiguration for commanding.

Keywords

MultiAgent System Reverse Osmosis Autonomous Agent Advanced Life Support Life Support System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Barber, K.S., Martin, C.E., Reed, N.E., Kortenkamp, D.: Dimensions of Adjustable Autonomy. In: Kowalczyk, R., Loke, S.W., Reed, N.E., Graham, G. (eds.) PRICAI-WS 2000. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 2112, pp. 353–361. Springer, Heidelberg (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bluethmann, W., Ambrose, R., Diftler, M., Huber, E., Goza, M., Lovchik, C., Magruder, D.: Robonaut: A Robot Designed to Work with Humans in Space. In: Autonomous Robots, vol. 14, pp. 179–207 (2003)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bonasso, R.P.: Safe Agents for Life Support. In: Proc. Workshop on Safe Agents at AAMAS 2003, Melbourne, Australia (2003)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bonasso, R.P., Firby, J.R., Gat, E., Kortenkamp, D., Miller, D.P., Slack, M.G.: Experiences with an Architecture for Intelligent, Reactive Agents. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 9, 237–256 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bonasso, R.P., Kortenkamp, D., Thronesbery, C.: Intelligent Control of a Water Recovery System: Three Years in the Trenches. AI Magazine 24, 19–44 (2003)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bradshaw, J.M., Dutfield, S., Benoit, P., Woolley, J.D.: KAoS: Toward an Industrial-strength Generic Agent Architecture. In: Bradshaw, J.M. (ed.) Software Agents, pp. 375–418. AAAI Press/ The MIT Press, Cambridge (1997)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bradshaw, J.M., Sierhuis, M., Gawdiak, Y., Jeffers, R., Suri, N., Greaves, M.: Adjustable Autonomy and Teamwork for the Personal Satellite Assistant. In: Proc. IJCAI-2001 Workshop on Autonomy, Delegation, and Control: Interacting with Autonomous Agents, Seattle, WA, pp. 20–26 (2001)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bradshaw, J.M., Uszok, A., Jeffers, R., Suri, N., Hayes, P., Burstein, M., Acquisti, A., Benyo, B., Breedy, M., Carvalho, M., Diller, D., Johnson, M., Kulkarni, S., Lott, J., Sierhuis, M., van Hoof, R.: Representation and Reasoning for DAML-Based Policy and Domain Services in KAoS and Nomads. In: Proc. Second International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and MultiAgent Systems, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 835–842 (2003)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cadiz, J., Venolia, G.D., Jancke, G., Gupta, A.: Sideshow: Providing Peripheral Awareness of Important Information, Microsoft Research, Redmond, WA, Technical Report, MSR-TR-2001-83 (September 14, 2001)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chalupsky, H., Gil, Y., Knoblock, C.A., Lerman, K., Oh, J., Pynadath, D.V., Russ, T.A., Tambe, M.: Electric Elves: Applying Agent Technology to Support Human Organizations. In: Proc. Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence, Seattle, WA, pp. 51–58 (2001)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dorais, G.A., Bonasso, R.P., Kortenkamp, D., Pell, B., Schreckenghost, D.: Adjustable Autonomy for Human-Centered Autonomous Systems on Mars. In: Proc. Mars Society Conference (1998)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ferguson, G., Allen, J.F.: TRIPS: An Integrated Intelligent Problem-Solving Assistant. In: Proc. Fifteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI 1998), Madison, WI (1998)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Goodrich, M.: Using Models of Cognition in HRI Evaluation and Design. In: Proc. AAAI Fall Symposium. The Intersection of Cognitive Science and Robotics: From Interfaces to Intelligence, Washington, DC (2004)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hoffman, G., Breazeal, C.: Robots that Work in Collaboration with People. In: Proc. AAAI Fall Symposium. The Intersection of Cognitive Science and Robotics: From Interfaces to Intelligence, Washington, DC (2004)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Knoblock, C.A., Minton, S., Ambite, J.L., Muslea, M., Oh, J., Frank, M.: Mixed Initiative Multi-source Information Assistants. In: Proc. Proceedings of the10th International World Wide Web Conference, Hong Kong (2001), www10.org/cdrom/papers/frame.html
  16. 16.
    Lewis, M.: Designing for Human-Agent Interaction. AI Magazine 19, 67–78 (1998)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Martin, C.E., Schreckenghost, D., Bonasso, R.P., Kortenkamp, D., Milam, T., Thronesbery, C.: An Environment for Distributed Collaboration Among Humans and Software Agents. In: Proc. 2nd International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1062–1063 (2003)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Myers, K.L., Tyson, M.W., Wolverton, M.J., Jarvis, P.A., Lee, T.J., desJardins, M.: PASSAT: A User-Centric Planning Framework. In: Proc. 3rd International NASA Workshop on Planning and Scheduling for Space, Houston, TX (2002)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Payne, T.R., Sycara, K., Lewis, M.: Varying the User Interaction within Multi-Agent Systems. In: Proc. Fourth International Conference on Autonomous Agents, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, pp. 412–418 (2000)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Perzanowski, D., Brock, D., Adams, W., Bugajska, M., Thomas, S., Blisard, S., Schultz, A., Grafton, J.G., Mintz, G.: Toward Multimodal Human-Robot Cooperation and Collaboration. In: Proc. AIAA 1st Intelligent Systems Technical Conference (2004)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Rich, C., Sidner, C.L.: COLLAGEN: A Collaboration Manager for Software Interface Agents. User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction 8(3-4), 315–350 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Scerri, P., Johnson, L., Pynadath, D.V., Rosenbloom, P.S., Schurr, N., Si, M., Tambe, M.: Getting Robots, Agents and People to Cooperate: An Initial Report. In: Proc. AAAI Spring Symposium on Human Interaction with Autonomous Systems in Complex Environments, Stanford, Palo Alto, CA (2003)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Scerri, P., Pynadath, D.V., Johnson, L., Rosenbloom, P.S., Si, M., Schurr, N., Tambe, M.: A Prototype Infrastructure for Distributed Robot-Agent-Person Teams. In: Proc. 2nd International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 433–440 (2003)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Scerri, P., Pynadath, D.V., Tambe, M.: Adjustable Autonomy in Real-World Multi-Agent Environments. In: Proc. Autonomous Agents, Montreal, Canada, pp. 300–307 (2001)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Schmandt, C., Marmasse, N., Marti, S., Sawhney, N., Wheeler, S.: Everywhere Messaging. IBM Systems Journal 39(3&4), 660–677 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Schreckenghost, D., Bonasso, R.P., Martin, C.E., Kortenkamp, D.: Managing Concurrent Activities of Humans and Software Agents. In: Proc. AIAA 1st Intelligent Systems Technical Conference, Chicago, IL (2004)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Schreckenghost, D., Ryan, D., Thronesbery, C., Bonasso, R.P., Poirot, D.: Intelligent Control of Life Support Systems for Space Habitats. In: Proc. Tenth Conference on Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence, Madison, WI, pp. 1140–1145 (1998)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Schreckenghost, D., Thronesbery, C., Bonasso, R.P., Kortenkamp, D., Martin, C.E.: Intelligent Control of Life Support for Space Missions. IEEE Intelligent Systems 17, 24–31 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Suri, N., Bradshaw, J.M., Burstein, M., Uszok, A., Benyo, B., Breedy, M., Carvalho, M., Diller, D., Groth, P., Jeffers, R., Johnson, M., Kulkarni, S., Lott, J.: DAML-based Policy Enforcement for Semantic Data Transformation and Filtering in Multi-agent Systems. In: Proc. Second International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and MultiAgent Systems, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1132–1133 (2003)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cheryl Martin
    • 2
  • Debra Schreckenghost
    • 1
  • Pete Bonasso
    • 1
  1. 1.TRACLabsNASA Johnson Space CenterHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Applied Research LaboratoriesThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA

Personalised recommendations