Interoperability for LMS: The Missing Piece to Become the Common Place for Elearning Innovation

  • Marc Alier Forment
  • María José Casañ Guerrero
  • Miguel Ángel Conde González
  • Francisco José García Peñalvo
  • Charles Severance
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5736)


This paper speculates about the future of LMSs considering the upcoming new learning applications and technologies, and the different attitudes of learners and teachers, given their technological background described using the digital natives and immigrants metaphor. Interoperability is not just a nice to have feature, but a must have features for LMS if these systems are going to be the common place where the ICT empowered learning innovation happens. After analyzing some standards and initiatives related to interoperability on LMS, the authors present an overview of the architecture for interoperability they propose. This architecture is being implemented for the well known Open Source LMS Moodle.


Elearning Web 2.0 Mobile Learning Interoperability LMS 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Severance, C.: A Meteor Strike May Cause LMS Systems to become Extinct!. Dr Chuck Severance Weblog,
  2. 2.
    Alier, M., Senges, M.: Virtual worlds as environment for learning comunities. In: Lytras, M.D., Tennyson, R., Ordonez de Pablos, P. (eds.) Knowledge Networks: The Social Software Perspective (2009)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rengarajan, R.: LCMS and LMS: Taking advantage of tight integration. Click 2 Learn (2000),
  4. 4.
    Prensky, M.: Digital natives, digital immigrants. On the Horizon 9 (5), 1–6 (2001),
  5. 5.
    Aguilera de, M., Mendiz, A.: Video games and education (education in the face of a “parallel school”). Computers in Entertainment (CIE) 1, 1–10 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Prensky, M.: Digital Game-Based Learning. McGraw-Hill, New York (2001)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Prensky, M.: Mark Prensky writing,
  8. 8.
    Brown-Martin, G.: It’s the learning, stupid! In: Arnedillo, I., Isaias, P. (eds.) IADIS International Conference Mobile Learning, pp. XVII-XIX. IADIS PRESS (2008)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Merriman, J.: Redefining interoprability. The Open Knowledge Initiative (OKI),
  10. 10.
    IMS Global Learning Consortium. IMS Tools Interoperability Guidelines,
  11. 11.
    Kurz, S., Podwyszynski, M., Schwab, A.: A Dynamically Extensible, Service-Based Infrastructure for Mobile Applications. In: Song, I.-Y., Piattini, M., Chen, Y.-P.P., Hartmann, S., Grandi, F., Trujillo, J., Opdahl, A.L., Ferri, F., Grifoni, P., Caschera, M.C., Rolland, C., Woo, C., Salinesi, C., Zimányi, E., Claramunt, C., Frasincar, F., Houben, G.-J., Thiran, P. (eds.) ER Workshops 2008. LNCS, vol. 5232, pp. 155–164. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    LUISA. Learning Content Management System Using Innovative Semantic Web Services Architecture,
  13. 13.
    Pätzold, S., Rathmayer, S. and Graf, S.: Proposal for the Design and Implementation of a Modern System Architecture and integration infrastructure in context of e-learning and exchange of relevant data. In: ILearning Forum 2008. European Institute For E-Learning, pp. 82–90 (2008). Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Casañ, M., Conde, M., Alier, M.: García,F.: Back and Forth: From the LMS to the Mobile Device. In: IADIS International Conference Mobile Learning, pp. 114–120. IADIS Press, Barcelona (2009)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Vossen, G., Westerkamp, P.: Why service-orientation could make e-learning standards obsolete. Int. J. Technology Enhanced Learning 1(1/2), 85–97 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marc Alier Forment
    • 1
  • María José Casañ Guerrero
    • 1
  • Miguel Ángel Conde González
    • 2
  • Francisco José García Peñalvo
    • 2
  • Charles Severance
    • 3
  1. 1.Universitat Politècnica de CatalunyaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Universidad de SalamancaSalamancaSpain
  3. 3.University of MichiganUSA

Personalised recommendations