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Time Coding of Input Strength Is Intrinsic to Synapses with Short Term Plasticity

  • Márton A. Hajnal
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5768)

Abstract

Many neocortical synapses adapt their postsynaptic response to the input rate of the presynaptic neuron through different mechanisms of short term plasticity: Steady state postsynaptic firing rates become invariant to the presynaptic frequency. Still, timing may convey information about presynaptic rate: The postsynaptic current is shown here analytically to peak earlier when presynaptic input frequency increases. An approximate 1ms/10Hz coding sensitivity for AMPA, and 1ms/1Hz for NMDA receptors in post synaptic potentials was found by a multicompartmental synapse simulation using detailed kinetic channel models. The slower the ion channels, the more expressed the time lag signal, but the same time the less the available headroom when compared at identical frequencies. Such timing code of input strength is transmitted most efficiently when postsynaptic amplitude is normalized by the input rate. Short term plasticity is a mechanism local to the synapse that provides such normalizing framework.

Keywords

Short term plasticity frequency adaptation timing time code time shift time lag neural code synapse 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Márton A. Hajnal
    • 1
  1. 1.Eötvös Loránd UniversityBudapestHungary

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