Improving the Accuracy of a Score Fusion Approach Based on Likelihood Ratio in Multimodal Biometric Systems
Multimodal biometric systems integrate information from multiple sources to improve the performance of a typical unimodal biometric system. Among the possible information fusion approaches, those based on fusion of match scores are the most commonly used. Recently, a framework for the optimal combination of match scores that is based on the likelihood ratio (LR) test has been presented. It is based on the modeling of the distributions of genuine and impostor match scores as a finite Gaussian mixture models. In this paper, we propose two strategies for improving the performance of the LR test. The first one employs a voting strategy to circumvent the need of huge datasets for training, while the second one uses a sequential test to improve the classification accuracy on genuine users.
Experiments on the NIST multimodal database confirmed that the proposed strategies can outperform the standard LR test, especially when there is the need of realizing a multibiometric system that must accept no impostors.
KeywordsLikelihood Ratio Gaussian Mixture Model Biometric System Score Vector Score Level Fusion
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