On Utilizing Optimal and Information Theoretic Syntactic Modeling for Peptide Classification
Syntactic methods in pattern recognition have been used extensively in bioinformatics, and in particular, in the analysis of gene and protein expressions, and in the recognition and classification of bio-sequences. These methods are almost universally distance-based. This paper concerns the use of an Optimal and Information Theoretic (OIT) probabilistic model  to achieve peptide classification using the information residing in their syntactic representations. The latter has traditionally been achieved using the edit distances required in the respective peptide comparisons. We advocate that one can model the differences between compared strings as a mutation model consisting of random Substitutions, Insertions and Deletions (SID) obeying the OIT model. Thus, in this paper, we show that the probability measure obtained from the OIT model can be perceived as a sequence similarity metric, using which a Support Vector Machine (SVM)-based peptide classifier, referred to as OIT_SVM, can be devised.
The classifier, which we have built has been tested for eight different “substitution” matrices and for two different data sets, namely, the HIV-1 Protease Cleavage sites and the T-cell Epitopes. The results show that the OIT model performs significantly better than the one which uses a Needleman-Wunsch sequence alignment score, and the peptide classification methods that previously experimented with the same two datasets.
KeywordsBiological Sequence Analysis Optimal and Information Theoretic Syntactic Classifcation Peptide Classification Sequence Processing Syntactic Pattern Recognition
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