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Nanoparticle Formation by Femtosecond Laser Ablation

  • Chantal Boulmer-Leborgne
  • Ratiba Benzerga
  • Jacques Perrière
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 130)

Summary

Ultra short femtosecond (fs) pulses for the laser ablation of materials lead to deposited films which are very different from those obtained by the well-known classical nanosecond (ns) pulsed laser deposition (PLD). In very specific cases, epitaxial thin films can be obtained, whereas in the majority of materials, the films formed by fs PLD are constituted by the random stacking of nanoparticles (Nps) in the 10–100 nm size range. As a result, fs PLD has been rapidly considered as a viable and efficient method for the synthesis of Nps of a wide range of materials presenting interesting physical properties and potential applications. The Np synthesis by fs laser ablation has been studied, and theoretical investigations have been reported to establish their formation mechanisms. Two possibilities can be assumed to explain the Np synthesis: direct cluster ejection from the target or collisional sticking and aggregation in the ablated plume flow.

Keywords

Laser Ablation Nanoparticle Formation Plasma Plume Rutherford Backscatter Spectrometry Beam Spot Size 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank O. Albert and J. Etchepare for the use of the femtosecond laser facility in LOA laboratory (ENSTA), Palaiseau, France and their fruitful collaboration in this work.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chantal Boulmer-Leborgne
    • 1
  • Ratiba Benzerga
    • 1
  • Jacques Perrière
    • 2
  1. 1.Université d’Orléans-CNRS, GREMI, PolytechOrléans cedex2France
  2. 2.INSP, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, CNRS UMR 7588, Campus BoucicautParisFrance

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