Nanoparticle Formation by Femtosecond Laser Ablation

  • Chantal Boulmer-Leborgne
  • Ratiba Benzerga
  • Jacques Perrière
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 130)


Ultra short femtosecond (fs) pulses for the laser ablation of materials lead to deposited films which are very different from those obtained by the well-known classical nanosecond (ns) pulsed laser deposition (PLD). In very specific cases, epitaxial thin films can be obtained, whereas in the majority of materials, the films formed by fs PLD are constituted by the random stacking of nanoparticles (Nps) in the 10–100 nm size range. As a result, fs PLD has been rapidly considered as a viable and efficient method for the synthesis of Nps of a wide range of materials presenting interesting physical properties and potential applications. The Np synthesis by fs laser ablation has been studied, and theoretical investigations have been reported to establish their formation mechanisms. Two possibilities can be assumed to explain the Np synthesis: direct cluster ejection from the target or collisional sticking and aggregation in the ablated plume flow.


Laser Ablation Nanoparticle Formation Plasma Plume Rutherford Backscatter Spectrometry Beam Spot Size 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



The authors would like to thank O. Albert and J. Etchepare for the use of the femtosecond laser facility in LOA laboratory (ENSTA), Palaiseau, France and their fruitful collaboration in this work.


  1. 1.
    D.B. Chrisey, G.K. Hubler (eds), Pulsed-Laser Deposition of Thin Films (Wiley, New York, 1994), p. 229Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Z. Zhang, P.A. Van Rompay, P.A. Nees, J.A. Stewart, C.A. Pan, X.Q. Fu, P.P. Pronko, SPIE Proc. 3935, 86 (1999)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. Eason (ed.), Pulsed-Laser Deposition of Thin Films, Application Led-Growth of Functional Materials (Wiley-Interscience, Hoboken, NJ, 2006), p. 261Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    C. Boulmer-Leborgne, B. Benzerga, J. Perrière, SPIE Proc. 6261, 20 (2006)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. Amoruso, G. Ausanio, R. Bruzzese, M. Vitiello, X. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 71, 033406 (2005)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, N. Spinelli, R. Velotta, M. Vitiello, X. Wang, Europhys. Lett. 67, 404 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    T. Trelenberg, L. Dinh, C. Saw, B. Stuart, M. Balooch, Appl. Surf. Sci. 221, 364 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    O. Albert, S. Roger, Y. Glinec, J.C. Loulergue, J. Etchepare, C. Boumer-Leborgne, J. Perrière, E. Millon, Appl. Phys. A 76, 319 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Eliezer, N. Eliaz, E. Grossman, D. Fisher, I. Gouzman, Z. Henis, S. Pecker, Y. Horovitz, S. Fraenckel, M. Maman, Y. Lereah, Phys. Rev. B 69, 144119 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, M. Vitiello, N. Nedialkov, P. Atanasov, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 044907 (2005)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    B. Liu, Z. Hu, Y. Che, Y. Chen, X. Pan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 044103 (2007)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    D. Perez, L. Lewis, Phys. Rev. B 67, 184102 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, X. Wang, N. Nedialkov, P. Atanasov, J. Phys. Appl. Phys. 40, 331 (2007)ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Perrière, E. Millon, M. Chamarro, M. Morcrette, C. Andreazza, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2949 (2001)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    L. Zhigilei, Appl. Phys. A 76, 339 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    B. Holian, D. Grady, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1355 (1988)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    D. Perez, L. Lewis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 255504 (2002)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    L. Doolittle, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 9, 344 (1985)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    F. Vidal, T.W. Johnson, S. Laville, O. Barthelemy, M. Chaker, B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Sabsabi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2573 (2001)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    R. Stoian, D. Ashkenasi, A. Rosenfeld, E.E.B. Campbell, Phys. Rev. B 62, 13167 (2000)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    R. Stoian, A. Rosenfeld, D. Ashkenasi, I. Hertel, N.M. Bulgakova, E.E.B. Campbell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097603 (2002)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    S. Amoruso, X. Wang, C. Altucci, C. de Lisio, M. Armenante, R. Bruzzese, N. Spinelli, R. Velotta, Appl. Surf. Sci. 186, 358 (2002)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, N. Spinelli, R. Velotta, M. Vitiello, X. Wang, G. Ansiano, V. Ianotti, L. Lanotte, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4502 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    T. Glover, G. Ackerman, A. Belkacem, P. Heimann, Z. Hussain, R. Lee, H. Padmore, C. Ray, R. Schoenlein, W. Steele, D. Young, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 236102 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    I. Weerasekera, S. Ismat Shah, D. Baxter, K. Unruh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3231 (1994)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    E. Millon, J. Perrière, R.M. Defourneau, D. Defourneau, O. Albert, J. Etchepar, Appl. Phys. A 77, 73 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    J. Gonzalo, R. Gomez-San Roman, J. Perrière, C. Afonso, R. Perez-Casero, Appl. Phys. A 66, 487 (1998)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    T. Trelenberg, L. Dinh, B. Stuart, M. Baboch, Appl. Surf. Sci. 229, 268 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    B. Tull, J. Carey, M. Sheehy, C. Friend, E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 83, 341 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    J. Koch, A. von Bohlen, R. Hergenröder, K. Niemax, J. Anal. Spectrom. 19, 267 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    O. Hagena, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 2374 (1992)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    T. Ditmire, T. Donnely, A. Rubenchik, R. Falcone, M.D. Perry, Phys. Rev A 53, 3379 (1996)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    R.K. Singh, J. Narayan, Phys. Rev. B 41, 8843 (1990)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    S. Anisimov, D. Bäuerle, B. Luk’yanchuk, Phys. Rev. B 48, 12076 (1993)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chantal Boulmer-Leborgne
    • 1
  • Ratiba Benzerga
    • 1
  • Jacques Perrière
    • 2
  1. 1.Université d’Orléans-CNRS, GREMI, PolytechOrléans cedex2France
  2. 2.INSP, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, CNRS UMR 7588, Campus BoucicautParisFrance

Personalised recommendations