Treatment of Random Errors

  • Michael GrabeEmail author


The multidimensional normal model covers the behavior of a set of random variables related to different measuring devices. We shall, in particular, refer to the density of the empirical variances and empirical covariances, commonly summed up as empirical moments of second order.


Repeated Measurement Measuring Condition Random Error Independent Random Variable Operating Principle 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BraunschweigGermany

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