Advertisement

Navigation Support for the Walking Wounded

  • Lucy T. Gunawan
  • Augustinus H. J. Oomes
  • Zhenke Yang
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5616)

Abstract

We aim at designing an effective evacuation support system for disaster response, specifically tailored to aid the walking wounded, a significant group of victims suffering from relatively minor injuries. Supplying walking wounded victims with a simple navigation aid enables them to arrive at a predetermined safe area, while allowing first responders to be allocated where they are most needed. This, we believe, may lead to a more efficient evacuation process. In this paper, we describe a user-centered iterative design process of the navigation aid for the walking wounded. The paper outlines the project from the design phase, through the development and evaluation phases. We find that pedestrian navigation by the sole use of an arrow-pointing device is possible. Additional functionality may enhance the user’s confidence and efficiency.

Keywords

user-centered design navigation walking wounded prototyping evacuation disaster response 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Kean, T.H., Hamilton, T.H.: The 9/11 Commission Report. W.W. Norton & Company Ltd., New York (2004)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mikawa, S.: Strong Angel III: Integrated Disaster Response Demonstration. Strong Angel III Interim Report, version 10 (November 2006)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Romundstad, L., Sundnes, K.O., Pillgram-Larsen, J., Røste, G.K., Gilbert, M.: Challenges of Major Incident Management When Excess Resources are Allocated: Experiences from a Mass Casualty Incident after Roof Collapse of a Military Command Center. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 19, 179–184 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Aylwin, C.J., König, T.C., Brennan, N.W., Shirley, P.J., Davies, G., Walsh, M.S., Brohi, K.: Reduction in critical mortality in urban mass casualty incidents: analysis of triage, surge, and resource use after the London bombings on July 7, 2005. The Lancet 368, 2219–2225 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    de Ceballos, J.P.G., Turégano-Fuentes, F., Perez-Diaz, D., Sanz-Sanchez, M., Martin-Llorente, C., Guerrero-Sanz, J.E.: 11 March 2004: The terrorist bomb explosions in Madrid, Spain – an analysis of the logistics, injuries sustained and clinical management of casualties treated at the closest hospital. Critical Care 9, 104–111 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cushman, J.G., Pachter, H.L., Beaton, H.L., Frykberg, E.R.: Two New York City hospitals’ surgical response to the September 11, 2001, terrorist attack in New York City. Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care 54, 147–155 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gunawan, L.T., Voshell, M., Oomes, A.H.J., Woods, D.: Envisioning collaboration at a distance for the evacuation of walking wounded. In: Proceedings of the 4th International ISCRAM Conference, pp. 431–437 (2007)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gunawan, L.T., Oomes, A.H.J.: Evacuation Coordination Support System. LNCS, vol. 4550, pp. 1441–1444. Springer, Heidelberg (2007)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    May, A.J., Ross, T., Bayer, S.H., Tarkiainen, M.J.: Pedestrian navigation aids: information requirements and design implications. In: Personal Ubiquitous Computing, vol. 7, pp. 331–338. Springer, Heidelberg (2003)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tarkiainen, M., Kauvo, K., Kaikkonen, J., Heine, H.: Simple turn-by-turn route guidance for pedestrians. In: Proceedings of the 8th World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems, Sydney, Australia (October 2001)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lucy T. Gunawan
    • 1
  • Augustinus H. J. Oomes
    • 1
  • Zhenke Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.Delft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations