Building Problem Spaces for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students’ Spatial Cognition in a Programming Language

  • Nobuhito Yamamoto
  • Tomoyuki Nishioka
  • Syoko Shiroma
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5616)


It has been published that the mental faculty for handling languages influences the development of spatial cognition ability for deaf and hard of hearing students. To make measurements for their ability and extract the features, various kinds of methods that decrease the language effects have been tried. In this article, an experimental method is described that uses a programming language. The communication method using the simple language and the graphical interface may give us a convenient way for students’ understanding questions and expressing their ideas. The software tool used in the research, Hyperlogo and its graphical interface, is described in the first half section. And then the experiments to which the tool is applied are shown.


Spatial Cognition Hyperlogo Deaf and Hard of hearing Communication tool Programming Languages Turtle graphics 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Abelson, H., Sussman, G.J., Sussman, J.: Structures and interpretation of computer programs, 2nd edn. MIT Press, Cambridge (1996)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Foreman, V., Gillet, R. (eds.): Handbook of Spatial Research Paradigm and Methodologies. Spatial Cognition in the Child and Adult, vol. 1. Psychology Press (1997)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Furth, H.G.: Thinking without language: Psychological implication of deafness. Free Press, New York (1966)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kawano, H.: Introduction to Logo. Baifu-kan, Tokyo (1987)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nakano, S.: Otona no Shuwa. Kodomo no Shuwa, Akashi shoten (2002)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pane, J.F., et al.: Studying the language and structure in non-programmer’s solutions to programming problems. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies 54(2) (2001)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yamamoto, N., Nishioka, T.: Hyperlogo: A Language Which Provides “Visible" Structure of Processing Programs. In: Human Computer Interaction 2005, MIRA Digital Publishing, CDROM (July 2005)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yamamoto, N., Nishioka, T.: The Activation Mechanism for Dynamically Generated Procedures in Hyperlogo. In: Smith, M.J., Salvendy, G. (eds.) HCII 2007. LNCS, vol. 4557, pp. 785–792. Springer, Heidelberg (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nobuhito Yamamoto
    • 1
  • Tomoyuki Nishioka
    • 2
  • Syoko Shiroma
    • 3
  1. 1.Graduate School of Systems and Information EngineeringUniversity of TsukubaTsukubaJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of Industrial TechnologyTsukuba University of TechnologyTsukubaJapan
  3. 3.Institute for Education and Student SupportEhime UniversityEhimeJapan

Personalised recommendations