MinuCode: A Fixed-Value Representation of Fingerprint Minutiae for Biometric Cryptosystem
This paper proposes a new fingerprint verification algorithm, MinuCode, which represents minutiae information in fixed values that can tolerate distortions during different fingerprint image scanning processes. The fixed-value representations of minutiae make MinuCode a most suitable candidate to serve as a basis for fingerprint biometric cryptographic systems. To deal with the fingerprint translation, rotation and non-linear distortion, MinuCode first utilizes a minutiae-centered encoding mechanism which eliminates the need for reference core point determination, and quantizes the location relationship between each pair of minutiae to a fixed value. Furthermore, missing or additional spurious minutiae are handled with a threshold-based matching algorithm. Experimental results on the public domain database showed the MinuCode scheme can achieve recognition accuracy similar to the basic method of traditional fingerprint recognition. Thus, together with the fixed-value representations of minutiae, MinuCode is a most suitable and practical fingerprint matching scheme for supporting fingerprint-based biometric cryptosystem.
KeywordsBiometrics Fingerprint verification Feature extraction Minutiae Biometric Cryptography
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.Jain, A.K., Nandakumar, K., Nagar, A.: Biometric Template Security. EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing, Special Issue on Advanced Signal Processing and Pattern Recognition Methods for Biometrics, vol. 2008, 1–17 (2008)Google Scholar
- 4.Shi, J.Y., You, Z.Y., Gu, M., Lam, K.Y.: Biomapping: Privacy Trustworthy Biometrics Using Noninvertible and Discriminable Constructions. In: The 19th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, WeBCT9.38, Florida, December 8-11 (2008)Google Scholar
- 6.Maio, D., Maltoni, D., Wayman, J.L., Jain, A.K.: FVC2002: Second Fingerprint Verification Competition. In: Proc. International Conference on Pattern Recognition 2002, Canada, pp. 811–814 (2002)Google Scholar