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Quantitative Analyses of Trace Elements in Environmental Samples: Options and (Im)possibilities

  • Katarina Vogel-Mikuš
  • Peter Kump
  • Marijan Nečemer
  • Primož Pelicon
  • Iztok Arčon
  • Paula Pongrac
  • Bogdan Povh
  • Marjana Regvar
Chapter
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 19)

Abstract

The main aim of contemporary ecotoxicological studies is to determine the bioavailability, toxicity and risk relationships of trace-element contaminants in ecosystems. Discussions thus focus primarily on the concentrations of elements in soils, their dynamics, and the impact they have on microorganisms, plants, animals and the ecosystem as a whole. However, before the basic ecotoxicological principles can be discussed, the appropriate analytical methods for addressing particular question(s) need to be chosen from among the broad array of physicochemical analytical methods that are available. Together with the sampling strategy and preparation, these are key issues that affect the final outcome. In this chapter, we mainly focus on the presentation and use of X-ray fluorescence/absorption-based techniques. These include standard and total reflection X-ray fluorescence, micro-proton-induced X-ray emission, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (such as extended X-ray absorption fine structure and X-ray absorption near-edge structure) for the analysis of trace-element concentrations and their coordination in biological samples.

Keywords

XANES Spectrum Synchrotron Radiation Source Nuclear Microprobe Dimethylarsenic Acid Fluorescence Detection Mode 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The X-ray absorption spectroscopy experiments were performed in various synchrotron laboratories, including ESRF in Grenoble, ELETTRA in Trieste, and HASYLAB, DESY in Hamburg, with the financial support of European Community Contract RII3-CT-2004-506008 (IA-SFS).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katarina Vogel-Mikuš
    • 1
  • Peter Kump
    • 2
  • Marijan Nečemer
    • 2
  • Primož Pelicon
    • 2
  • Iztok Arčon
    • 2
    • 3
  • Paula Pongrac
    • 1
  • Bogdan Povh
    • 4
  • Marjana Regvar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia
  2. 2.Jožef Stefan InstituteLjubljanaSlovenia
  3. 3.University of Nova GoricaNova GoricaSlovenia
  4. 4.Max-Planck-Institut fűr KernphysikHeidelbergGermany

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