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Engineered Male Sterility

  • Frank KempkenEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 64)

Abstract

The agricultural exploitation of hybrid crop varieties has enabled enormous increases in food productivity through increased uniformity and hybrid vigour. Because of hybrid vigour, or heterosis , these crops are characterized by an increased resistance to disease and enhanced performance in different environments when comparing the heterozygous hybrid progeny (called F1 hybrids) to the homozygous parents. The generation of male sterility, mainly nucleus -encoded, is the basis of new, reliable, and cost-effective pollination control systems for genetic engineering that have been developed during the past decade. The propagation of male-sterile female parent lines is an important aspect for the successful application of these systems in large-scale hybrid seed production. This article describes the development and use of transgenic engineered plants.

Keywords

Male Sterility Cytoplasmic Male Sterility Pollen Development Fertility Restoration Maintainer Line 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The laboratory work of the author is funded by the German Research Council (DFG).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Abteilung für Botanik mit Schwerpunkt Genetik und Molekularbiologie, Botanisches Institut und Botanischer GartenChristian-Albrechts-Universität zu KielKielGermany

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