A First Acquaintance with Condensed Matter

  • Eleftherios N. EconomouEmail author
Part of the Graduate Texts in Physics book series (GTP)


Various kinds of condensed matter are mentioned, and bonding types are briefly presented. The most common crystal structures are described. Wave eigenfunctions in periodic media, such as a crystalline solid, are characterized by a phase, \( {\o} = k \cdot r \), and an amplitude of the same periodicity as the underlying medium, according to the so-called Bloch’s theorem; ħk is called crystal momentum and its physical content remains unaffected by the addition of ħG, where G is any vector of the so-called reciprocal lattice. In the latter, Bragg planes and Brillouin zones are defined.


Brillouin Zone Cohesive Energy Primitive Cell Bloch Wave Bravais Lattice 
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Further Reading

  1. R. A. L. Jones, Soft condensed matter, [M68].Google Scholar
  2. W. Hamley, Introduction to Soft Matter: Polymer, Colloids, Amphiphiles, and Liquid Crystals, [M69] and [M72].Google Scholar
  3. G. Strobl, The Physics of Polymers, [M70].Google Scholar
  4. P.G. de Gennes, The physics of Liquid Crystals, [M71].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas (FORTH) Department of PhysicsUniversity of CreteHeraklionGreece

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