Finite Systems

  • Eleftherios N. EconomouEmail author
Part of the Graduate Texts in Physics book series (GTP)


Finite systems may consist of a few tens of atoms, but they may include millions of atoms as well. Almost spherical, close–packed, metallic clusters exhibiting increased stability at certain “magic” numbers are one group of finite systems. Carbon clusters, such as the so–called fullerenes, form hollow “cage” stable structures starting from the almost–spherical (actually truncated icosahedron) C60 to larger elongated “molecules”; fullerenes may combine with themselves and with other atoms as well to create solids with interesting properties. Another class of carbon clusters are the carbon nanotubes exhibiting a wealth of impressive features; they can be viewed as rolled–up graphene strips. Finally quantum dots are semiconductor nanostructures that show size and shape–dependent optical and transport properties.


Carbon Cluster Finite System Alkali Atom Coulomb Blockade Metallic Cluster 
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Further Reading

  1. See Chap. 13 in Kaxiras’ book [SS83].Google Scholar
  2. See pp. 553–556 in Marder’s book [SS82].Google Scholar
  3. For some applications of carbon nanotubes see [19.2, 19.16, 19.17] and [19.18].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas (FORTH) Department of PhysicsUniversity of CreteHeraklionGreece

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