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COE: A General Approach for Efficient Genome-Wide Two-Locus Epistasis Test in Disease Association Study

  • Xiang Zhang
  • Feng Pan
  • Yuying Xie
  • Fei Zou
  • Wei Wang
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5541)

Abstract

The availability of high density single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) data has made genome-wide association study computationally challenging. Two-locus epistasis (gene-gene interaction) detection has attracted great research interest as a promising method for genetic analysis of complex diseases. In this paper, we propose a general approach, COE, for efficient large scale gene-gene interaction analysis, which supports a wide range of tests. In particular, we show that many commonly used statistics are convex functions. From the observed values of the events in two-locus association test, we can develop an upper bound of the test value. Such an upper bound only depends on single-locus test and the genotype of the SNP-pair. We thus group and index SNP-pairs by their genotypes. This indexing structure can benefit the computation of all convex statistics. Utilizing the upper bound and the indexing structure, we can prune most of the SNP-pairs without compromising the optimality of the result. Our approach is especially efficient for large permutation test. Extensive experiments demonstrate that our approach provides orders of magnitude performance improvement over the brute force approach.

Keywords

Convex Function Permutation Test Indexing Structure Error Threshold High Density Single Nucleotide Polymorphism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiang Zhang
    • 1
  • Feng Pan
    • 1
  • Yuying Xie
    • 2
  • Fei Zou
    • 3
  • Wei Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Department of GeneticsUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillUSA
  3. 3.Department of BiostatisticsUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillUSA

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