Advertisement

Introduction to Magnetotransport

  • Alberto P. GuimarãesEmail author
Chapter
Part of the NanoScience and Technology book series (NANO)

Summary

In this chapter, a brief account of some phenomena resulting from the interplay of the magnetization of a sample and the spin-polarized currents will be given, including the giant magnetoresistance and tunnel magnetoresistance effects. Simple models for the description of these effects are presented. These effects depend on the relation between the flow of electrons with a given spin through a sample, and the sample magnetization M, the physical basis of spin electronics, or Spintronics. Other consequence of the interaction with spin-polarized electron currents is the spin-induced, or spin-transfer torque.

Keywords

Tunnel Junction Spin Direction Ferromagnetic Layer Giant Magnetoresistance Ferromagnetic Metal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. J. Bass, W.P. Pratt Jr., J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 19, 183201–183241 (2007)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. K. Hathaway, E. Dan, Dahlberg , Am. J. Phys. 75, 871–880 (2007)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. J. Slonczewski , in Theory of Spin-Polarized Current and Spin-Transfer Torque in Magnetic Multilayers, ed. by H. Kronmüller, S. Parkin. Handbook of Magnetism and Advanced Magnetic Materials, vol 5 (Wiley, Chichester, 2007), pp. 2648–2667Google Scholar
  4. E.Y. Tsymbal, N. Mryasov, P.R. LeClair , J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 15, R109–R142 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. S.A. Wolf, A.Y. Chtchekalnova, D.M. Treger , IBM J. Res. Dev. 50, 101–110 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. I. Zutic , J. Fabian, S.D. Sarma, Rev. Mod. Phys. 76, 323–410 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    S. Araki, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 3910–3916 (1993)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Baibich, J.M. Broto, A. Fert, V.D. Nguyen, F. Petroff, P. Etienne, G. Creuzet, A. Friederich, J. Chazelas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2472–2475 (1988)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Bass, W.P. Pratt Jr., J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 200, 274–289 (1999)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Bass, W.P. Pratt Jr., J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 19, 183201–183241 (2007)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M.E. Brubaker, J.E. Mattson, C.H. Sowers, S.D. Bader, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2306–2308 (1991)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    I.A. Campbell, A. Fert, in Transport Properties of Ferromagnets, ed. by E.P. Wohlfarth. Handbook of Magnetic Materials, vol 3 (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1982), pp. 747–804Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    C.L. Dennis, R.P. Borges, L.D. Buda, U. Ebels, J.F. Gregg, M. Hehn, E. Jouguelet, K. Ounadjela, I. Petej, I.L. Prejbeanu, M.J. Thornton, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 14, R1175–R1262 (2002)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M.R.J. Gibbs, E.W. Hill, P. Wright, in Magnetic Microelectromechanical Systems:MagMEMS, ed. by K.H.J. Buschow. Handbook of Magnetic Materials (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2008), pp. 457–526Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    M.A.M. Gijs, in Experiments on the Perpendicular Giant Magnetoresistance in Magnetic Multilayers, ed. by U. Hartmann. Magnetic Multilayers and Giant Magnetoresistance (Springer, Berlin, 2000), pp. 129–177Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    P. Grünberg, D.E. Burgler, H. Dassow, A.D. Rata, C.M. Schneider, Acta Mater. 55, 1171–1182 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Q.Y. Jin, M. Lu, Q.S. Bie, Y.B. Xu, H.R. Zhai, Y.H. Shen, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 140–144, 565–566 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Johnson, R.H. Silsbee, Phys. Rev. B 37, 5312–5325 (1988)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Jullière, Phys. Lett. A 54, 225–226 (1975)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J.S. Moodera, L.R. Kinder, T.M. Wong, R. Meservey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3273–3276 (1995)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    J.S. Moodera, T.S. Santos, T. Nagahama, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 19(16), 165202 (2007)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    N.F. Mott, Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. Ser. A 153, 699–717 (1936)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    N.F. Mott, Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. Ser. A 156, 368–382 (1936)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    N.F. Mott, Adv. Phys. 13, 325–422 (1964)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    R. Nakatani, T. Dei, Y. Sugita, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 6375–6377 (1993)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    B.G. Park, J. Wunderlich, D.A. Williams, S.J. Joo, K.Y. Jung, K.H. Shin, K. Olejnik, A.B. Shick, T. Jungwirth, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 087204–087207 (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    S.S.P. Parkin, R. Bhadra, K.P. Roche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2152–2155 (1991)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    S.S.P. Parkin, R.F.C. Farrow, R.F. Marks, A. Cebollada, G.R. Harp, R.J. Savoy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3718–3721 (1994)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    S.S.P. Parkin, N. More, K.P. Roche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2304–2307 (1990)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    B. Rodmacq, G. Palumbo, P. Gerard, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 118, L11–L16 (1993)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    T. Matsudai, H. Sato, W. Abdul-Razzaq, C. Fierz, P.A. Schroeder, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, 6151–6162 (1994)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    R. Schad, C.D. Potter, P. Belien, G. Verbanck, J. Dekoster, G. Langouche, V.V. Moshchalkov, Y. Bruynseraede, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 148, 331–332 (1995)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    K. Shintaku, Y. Daitoh, T. Shinjo, Phys. Rev. B 47, 14584–14587 (1993)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    J.C. Slonczewski, Phys. Rev. B 39, 6995–7002 (1989)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    M.B. Stearns, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 5, 167–171 (1977)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    E.Y. Tsymbal, N. Mryasov, P.R. LeClair, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15, R109–R142 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    T. Valet, A. Fert, Phys. Rev. B 48, 7099–7113 (1993)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    E.L. Wolf, Nanophysics and Nanotechnology (Wiley, Weinheim, 2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    S.A. Wolf, D.D. Awschalom, R.A. Buhrman, J.M. Daughton, S. von Molnar, M.L. Roukes, A.Y. Chtchelkanova, D.M. Treger, Science 294, 1488–1495 (2001)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    H. Yanagihara, K. Pettit, M.B. Salamon, S.S.P. Parkin, E. Kita, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 5197–5199 (1997)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    I. Zutic, J. Fabian, S.D. Sarma, Rev. Mod. Phys. 76, 323–410 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Físicas (CBPF)Rio de Janeiro - RJBrasil/Brazil

Personalised recommendations