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Mechanical Ventilation

  • Jean-Michel ArnalEmail author
  • Eduardo Bancalari
  • Katherine C. Clement
  • Sherry E. Courtney
  • Claude Danan
  • Steven M. Donn
  • Xavier Durrmeyer
  • Guillaume Emeriaud
  • Sandrine Essouri
  • Francesco Grasso
  • Mark J. Heulitt
  • Brian P. Kavanagh
  • Martin Keszler
  • Paul Ouellet
  • Jane J. Pillow
  • Ronald C. SandersJr.
  • Thomas Schaffer
  • Andreas Schulze
  • Sunil K. Sinha
Chapter

Abstract

A mechanical ventilator is an automated device that provides all or part of the work of breathing for patients with impaired respiratory or neurologic function. In order to safely apply a mechanical ventilator to a patient for continuous use, four requisites must be met (Table 8.1). First, there must be a way to create a stable attachment of the device to the patient, referred to as the interface. Second, there must be an energy source to drive the device. Third, the size and timing of the breaths must be regulated or controlled. Fourth, there must be a system to adequately monitor the performance of the ventilator and the status of the patient. This should include adjustable alarms to alert the clinician to undesirable and potentially dangerous conditions Chatburn (2003).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Michel Arnal
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eduardo Bancalari
    • 2
  • Katherine C. Clement
    • 3
  • Sherry E. Courtney
    • 4
  • Claude Danan
    • 5
  • Steven M. Donn
    • 6
  • Xavier Durrmeyer
    • 5
  • Guillaume Emeriaud
    • 8
  • Sandrine Essouri
    • 9
  • Francesco Grasso
    • 10
  • Mark J. Heulitt
    • 3
  • Brian P. Kavanagh
    • 10
  • Martin Keszler
    • 11
  • Paul Ouellet
    • 11
  • Jane J. Pillow
    • 11
  • Ronald C. SandersJr.
    • 7
  • Thomas Schaffer
    • 11
  • Andreas Schulze
    • 11
  • Sunil K. Sinha
    • 12
  1. 1.Service de réanimation polyvalenteHopital Sainte MusseToulonFrance
  2. 2.Division of Neonatology, Department of PediatricsUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA
  3. 3.Department of PediatricsUniversity of North CarolinaChapel HillUSA
  4. 4.Section of Neonatology, Department of PediatricsUniversity of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Arkansas Children’s HospitalLittle RockUSA
  5. 5.Department of Neonatal Intensive Care UnitCentre Hospitalier Intercommunal de CreteilCréteilFrance
  6. 6.Division of Neonatal-Perinatal MedicineF4790 C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital, University of Michigan Health SystemAnn ArborUSA
  7. 7.Section of Critical Care, Department of PediatricsUniversity of Arkansas College of Medicine Arkansas Children’s HospitalLittle RockUSA
  8. 8.Soins Intensifs Pédiatriques, CHU Sainte-JustineMontréalCanada
  9. 9.Paediatric Intensive Care UnitKremlin Bicetre HospitalLe Kremlin BicêtreFrance
  10. 10.Departments of Critical Care Medicine and Anesthesia, Program in Physiology and Experimental MedicineHospital for Sick Children, University of TorontoTorontoCanada
  11. 11.Department of PediatricsAlpert Medical School of Brown University, Women and Infants HospitalProvidenceUSA
  12. 12.Paediatrics and Neonatal MedicineThe James Cook University of Hospital, University of DurhamMiddlesbroughUK

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