Respiratory Support in Developing Countries Where Resources Are Limited

  • Trevor DukeEmail author


The range of means for haemoglobin–oxygen pulsed saturation (SpO2) at sea level is 97–99 %, with the lower limits (mean, 2 SD) being 94 % (Lozano 2001). Therefore, the normal range at sea level is 94–100 %. The normal range of SpO2 becomes progressively lower in populations living in mountainous regions because of lower PaO2 at higher altitude (see Fig. 20.1) (Lozano 2001). This was estimated using data from 16 studies in children outside the neonatal period. The continuous line predicts the level of SpO2 below which oxygen should be given at different altitudes.


Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Pulse Oximetry Supplemental Oxygen Gastric Distension Severe Respiratory Distress 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Paediatric Intensive Care UnitRoyal Children’s HospitalMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Centre for International Child HealthUniversity of Melbourne and MCRIParkville, VictoriaAustralia
  3. 3.School of Medicine and Health SciencesUniversity of Papua New GuineaGuineaAustralia

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