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Indications for Nonconventional Ventilation Modes

  • Casper BollenEmail author
  • Claude Danan
  • Xavier Durrmeyer
  • Kevin Dysart
  • Francesco Grasso
  • Brian P. Kavanagh
  • Martin Keszler
  • Peter C. Rimensberger
  • Thomas H. Shaffer
  • Marla R. Wolfson
Chapter
  • 4k Downloads

Abstract

Critical care physicians facing patients that require invasive mechanical ventilation are confronted with the questions what type of ventilator and what ventilator strategy is most appropriate for this particular patient. Mechanical ventilation is initiated to bridge a gap to recovery or to supply chronic support. Failure of mechanical ventilation can arise through inability to deliver adequate gas exchange or through resulting complications, like pneumothorax. Although mechanical ventilation is meant to support respiratory function, mechanical ventilation can also result in pulmonary damage and contribute to increased risk of mortality. Therefore, the selection of the ventilator type and strategy should be guided by the capacity to achieve adequate gas exchange and, in the meanwhile, to prevent lung injury.

Keywords

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Airway Pressure Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Casper Bollen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Claude Danan
    • 2
  • Xavier Durrmeyer
    • 2
  • Kevin Dysart
    • 3
  • Francesco Grasso
    • 4
  • Brian P. Kavanagh
    • 4
  • Martin Keszler
    • 3
  • Peter C. Rimensberger
    • 5
  • Thomas H. Shaffer
    • 6
  • Marla R. Wolfson
    • 3
  1. 1.Pediatric Intensive Care UnitUniversity Medical Center UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Neonatal Intensive Care UnitRéanimation Néonatale, Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal de Créteil, Hôpital Henri MondorCréteilFrance
  3. 3.Division of Neonatology, The Children’s Hospital of PhiladelphiaUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  4. 4.Departments of Critical Care Medicine and Anesthesia, Program in Physiology and Experimental Medicine, Hospital for Sick ChildrenUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  5. 5.Department of PediatricsService of Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care, University Hospital of GenevaGeneva 14Switzerland
  6. 6.Department of Physiology and PediatricsTemple University School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA

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