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Monitoring Interactions Between Spontaneous Respiration and Mechanical Inflations

  • Mark HeulittEmail author
  • Steven M. Donn
Chapter
  • 4k Downloads

Abstract

Pediatric and neonatal patients breathe spontaneously during mechanical ventilation. This involves the combination of two distinct controllers: the clinician-controlled mechanical pump (the ventilator) and the patient’s own respiratory muscle pump. The interactions between these two controllers can best be described by examining Newton’s equation of motion.
$$ {P}_{\mathrm{T}}={P}_{mus}+{P}_{\mathrm{appl}}=\left(V\times {R}_{rs}\right)+\left(V\times {E}_{rs}\right) $$

Keywords

Pressure Support Ventilation Inspiratory Flow Inspiratory Time Trigger Delay Ineffective Trigger 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics Section of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, College of MedicineUniversity of Arkansas for Medical SciencesLittle RockUSA
  2. 2.Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Department of PediatricsUniversity of Michigan Health System, F5790 C.S. Mott Children’s HospitalAnn ArborUSA

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