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Respiratory Mechanics in the Mechanically Ventilated Patient

  • Katherine C. ClementEmail author
  • Sherry Courtney
  • Peter A. DargavilleEmail author
  • Mark HeulittEmail author
  • Robinder G. Khemani
  • Christopher J. L. NewthEmail author
  • Peter C. RimensbergerEmail author
  • David Tingay
Chapter

Abstract

Infants and young children have a number of anatomical reasons and physiological reasons for making accurate measurement of respiratory mechanics in the intensive care unit. Despite advances in the measurement of respiratory mechanics in non-intubated infants, these advances have been slow to be adapted to intubated patients due to technical limitations. Thus, the major role of lung function testing in the ICU has been limited to the research arena. However, despite these limitations it is essential the person caring for the intubated pediatric patient have an in-depth understanding of the respiratory mechanics involved with the use of a positive pressure ventilator.

Keywords

Respiratory Muscle Functional Residual Capacity Esophageal Pressure Pleural Pressure Respiratory System Compliance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Division of Critical Care MedicineUniversity of North CarolinaChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Division of NeonatologyNorth Shore Long Island Jewish Health System, Schneider Children’s HospitalNew Hyde ParkUSA
  3. 3.Department of PaediatricsRoyal Hobart Hospital and University of TasmaniaHobartAustralia
  4. 4.Arkansas Children’s HospitalLittle RockUSA
  5. 5.Keck School of Medicine, Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, University of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  6. 6.Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care MedicineKeck School of Medicine, Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, University of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  7. 7.Department of PediatricsService of Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care, University Hospital of GenevaGeneva 14Switzerland
  8. 8.Department of NeonatologyMurdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children’s HospitalParkvilleAustralia

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