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Development of a Novel Hydrogel to Prevent Bacterial Infectious Diseases

  • Norihiro KatoEmail author
  • Azumi Kobayashi
  • Hiroshi Motohashi
  • Yu Ozonoe
  • Tomohiro Morohoshi
  • Tsukasa Ikeda
Part of the Progress in Colloid and Polymer Science book series (PROGCOLLOID, volume 136)

Abstract

Temperature-induced phase separation (TIPS) technique was applied to create cyclodextrin (CD) immobilized 2-hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) gel sheets. A heterogeneous polymer network could be fixed when the reaction temperature was stepwise increased above a lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of the HPC polymer at approximately 40°C during the cross-linking reaction. Dynamics of polymer network formation was characterized by measuring the viscosity change of the pre-gel solution with or without the TIPS process. A temperature increase is responsible for drastic increase of the viscosity of which change was translated as the acceleration of the cross-linking reaction rates. The immobilized α-CD or hydroxypropyl-β-CD (HP-β-CD) onto the TIPS-generated polymer network effectively decreased the production of red pigment prodigiosin that was one of the second metabolites through the cell-population-density dependent quorum sensing (QS) system in Serratia marcescens AS-1. Since virulence expression in some opportunistic pathogens was regulated by diffusible acylhomoserine lactone (AHL) mediated QS system, trapping AHLs onto the host matrices could make the CD-immobilized gels interrupt the hierarchical QS system from outside of cells. The AHL-mediated prodigiosin production could be drastically decreased to approximately 10% using the CD-AHL inclusion complex formation when the TIPS process was applied to HPC/α-CD gel synthesis with optimized condition of the phase separation.

Keywords

Cell-to-cell communication Quorum sensing Cyclodextrin Gene expression control N-Acylhomoserine lactone 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was partially supported by the Japan Society for the Promotion Science, a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), 19560775, 19510081, 2008.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norihiro Kato
    • 1
    Email author
  • Azumi Kobayashi
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Motohashi
    • 1
  • Yu Ozonoe
    • 1
  • Tomohiro Morohoshi
    • 2
  • Tsukasa Ikeda
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary SciencesGraduate School of Engineering, Utsunomiya UniversityUtsunomiyaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Material and Environmental ChemistryGraduate School of Engineering, Utsunomiya UniversityUtsunomiyaJapan

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