Steganalysis of Enhanced BPCS Steganography Using the Hilbert-Huang Transform Based Sequential Analysis

  • Shunquan Tan
  • Jiwu Huang
  • Yun Q. Shi
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5041)


In this paper, we present a steganalytic method to attack the enhanced BPCS steganography (for short EBPCS) proposed by Niimi et al. The key element of the method is analysis of the bitplane-block complexity difference sequences between stego images and cover images based on Hilbert-Huang transform. The Hilbert transform based characteristic vectors are constructed via empirical mode decomposition of the sequences and the support vector machine classifier is used for classification. Experimental results have demonstrated effectiveness of the proposed steganalytic method in spatial domain images and JPEG2000 format images. According to our best knowledge, this method is the first successful attack of EBPCS and can be effectively used in spatial domain and frequency domain (especially DWT/JPEG2000) images.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shunquan Tan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jiwu Huang
    • 2
  • Yun Q. Shi
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Information EngineeringShenzhen UniversityShenzhenChina
  2. 2.School of Information Science and TechnologySun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.New Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA

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