Biological Effects of Low Temperatures
The degree of the cell injury caused by low temperatures depends on the freezing protocol (the cooling rate, the thawing rate, the exposition duration, the minimal temperature) as well as on the cell environment (an isolated cell in the solution, a densily packed ensemble of the cells in the tissue sample— in vitro; the cells in a living organism— in vivo).
KeywordsCrystallization Front Antifreeze Protein Hydraulic Permeability Cell Survival Signature Main Phase Transition
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