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Gold Nanoparticles on Waveguides For and Toward Sensing Application

  • Silvia MittlerEmail author
Chapter
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Part of the Springer Series on Chemical Sensors and Biosensors book series (SSSENSORS, volume 7)

Abstract

First, a short overview of the sensor activities on surface plasmon waveguide mode coupling via wave vector match in metal-coated channel waveguides as well as in slab waveguides and optical fibers is given. Both monomode and multimode approaches were demonstrated as well as the implementation of Bragg gratings and hollow fibers are described. Then, the use of gold nanoparticles for sensor application in combination with these optical device systems is discussed. At the beginning, a channel waveguide approach with gold nanoparticles is described without taking the typical optical features of gold nanoparticles into account. Then, waveguide devices, which use the localized surface plasmon resonance, an absorption band, intrinsic to gold nanoparticles, and the color changes of gold colloids upon clustering for sensor operation are described. This is achieved on quasi-waveguides, channel waveguides, and on optical fibers. Transmission and reflectance experiments have been performed, either with spectral information or with monochromatic light and pure intensity information. An electro-optical approach is discussed. The activities in photonic crystal sensor are described for planar-waveguide systems and hollow photonic crystal fiber bundles.

Keywords

Optical waveguides Optical fibers Thin gold layers Gold nanoparticles Photonic crystals Sensors 

Abbreviations

APTES

3- aminopropyltriethoxysilane

Au NPs

Gold nanoparticles

CCD

Charged coupled device

DDA

Discrete dipole approximation

DNA

Deoxy ribonucleic acid

DNP

Dinitrophenyl compound

HeNe

Helium-Neon

HSA

Human serum albumin

IR

Infra red

ITO

Indium tin oxide

LSPR

Localized surface plasmon resonances

MG

N-(2-mercaptopropionyl) glycine

MPA

Mercaptoproprionic acid

MPTES

γ-mercaptotriethoxysilane

OMCVD

Organo-metallic chemical vapor deposition

RIU

Refractive index unit

SAM

Self-assmbled monolayer

SEB

Staphylococcal enterotoxin

TE

Transverse electric ( s-polarization, parallel to the glass slide)

THS

Thyroid stimulating hormone

TM

Transverse magnetic (p-polarization, perpendicular the glass slide)

Symbols

k-vector

Wave vector

n

Refractive index

w/v

Weight/volume

Δn

Refractive index change

λ

Wavelength

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Western OntarioLondonCanada

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