Nanostructure-Based Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Biosensors

  • Donghyun KimEmail author
Part of the Springer Series on Chemical Sensors and Biosensors book series (SSSENSORS, volume 7)


This chapter reviews the characteristics of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR), the excitation of which is mediated by nanostructures, and its applications to biosensing. The LSPR is explored in three regimes in terms of creation and coupling of localized surface plasmons (LSPs): LSPs created in surface-relief patterns coupled to propagating surface plasmons (SPs), LSPs in surface-relief patterns coupled to particle plasmons, and LSPs created in particles. The results, in general, suggest that localized field enhancement in the near-field be correlated with enhanced detection sensitivity for LSPR over conventional thin film-based SP resonance while LSPR-based biosensors can potentially maintain flexibility by using nanoparticles.


Nanostructures Surface plasmon resonance Localized surface plasmon resonance Bio-molecular interactions Refractive index change Effective medium Thin films Biosensors Sensitivity Nanoparticles 



Charge coupled device


Deoxyribonucleic acid


Effective medium theory


Figure of merit




Localized surface plasmon


Localized surface plasmon resonance


Self-assembled monolayer


Sensitivity enhancement factor


Surface plasmon


Surface plasmon resonance


Volume fraction



Free-space light speed


Film thickness


Nanowire thickness


Thickness of a self-assembled monolayer


Electron charge


Fill factor


Free-space light wave vector


Plasmon momentum


Electron mass


Electron number density


Ambient refractive index


Refractive index of a self-assembled monolayer


Minimum reflectance at resonance


Slope of the resonance angle or resonance wavelength


Maximum transmittance at resonance


Light angular frequency


Nanowire width


Plasma angular frequency


Dielectric permittivity


Effective permittivity


Metal permittivity


Nanoparticle permittivity

εA (εB)

Permittivity of material A (B)


Zeroth-order effective permittivity for TE polarization


Zeroth-order effective permittivity for TM polarization


Plasmon resonance angle


Localized plasmon resonance angle




Light wavelength



The author thanks Dr. Kyung Min Byun and Soon Joon Yoon for proof-reading the manuscript and appreciates Dr. Eunji Sim for insightful discussion.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Electrical and Electronic EngineeringYonsei UniversitySeoulKorea

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