Part of the Learning Imaging book series (LEARN)


An 18-year-old man consulted for recurrent attacks of left back pain during the previous year. The episodes were occasionally associated with abdominal pain, mainly localized in the left hypochondrium. At physical examination, tender swelling was noted below the left scapula. After chest X-ray, a bone tumor was suspected at the level of the left fifth rib and CT and MRI studies were requested.


Synovial Sarcoma Fibrous Dysplasia Giant Cell Tumor Giant Cell Tumor Osteoid Osteoma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Further Reading


  1. Bone and Joint Imaging. 2nd ed. Resnick D (1998) W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PAGoogle Scholar
  2. Imaging of Bone Tumors and Tumor-Like Lesions. Techniques and Applications. Davies AM, Sundaram M, James SLJ (2009) Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Imaging of Soft Tissue Tumors. 2nd ed. De Schepper AM, Parizel PM, De Beuckeleer L, Vanhoenacker F (eds) (2001) Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  4. Radiology Review Manual. 6th ed. Dähnert W (2007) Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PAGoogle Scholar
  5. Soft Tissue Tumors. 3rd ed. Enzinger FM, Weiss SW (eds) (1995) Mosby St Louis, MoGoogle Scholar


  1. Alyas F, James SL, Davies AM, Saifuddin A. The role of MR imaging in the diagnostic characterisation of appendicular bone tumours and tumour-like conditions. Eur Radiol 2007; 17:2675-2686CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Berquist TH, Ehman RL, King BF, Hodgman CG, Ilstrup DM. Value of MR imaging in differentiating benign from malignant soft-tissue masses: study of 95 lesions. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1990; 155:1251-1255PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Binkovitz LA, Berquist TH, McLeod RA. Masses of the hand and wrist: detection and characterization with MR imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1990; 154:323-326PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bodner G, Schocke MFH, Rachbauer F et al. Differentiation of malignant and benign musculoskeletal tumors: combined color and power doppler US and spectral wave analysis. Radiology 2002; 223:410CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Brown KT, Kattapuram SV, Rosenthal DI. Computed tomography analysis of bone tumors: patterns of cortical destruction and soft tissue extension. Skeletal Radiol 1986; 15:448-451CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Crim JR, Seeger LL, Yao L, Chandnani V, Eckardt JJ. Diagnosis of soft-tissue masses with MR imaging: can benign masses be differentiated from malignant ones? Radiology 1992; 185:581-586PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Dalinka MK, Zlatkin MD, Chao P, Kricum ME, Kressel HY. The use of magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of bone and soft-tissue tumors. Radiol Clin North Am 1990; 28:461-470PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Hayes CW, Conway WF, Sundaram M. Misleading aggressive MR imaging appearance of some benign musculoskeletal lesions. RadioGraphics 1992; 12:1119-1136PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Kransdorf MJ. Benign soft-tissue tumors in a large referral population: distribution of specific diagnoses by age, sex, and location. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1995; 164:395-402PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Kransdorf MJ. Malignant soft-tissue tumors in a large referral population: distribution of diagnoses by age, sex, and location. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1995; 164:129-134PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Kransdorf MJ, Murphey MD. Radiologic evaluation of soft-­tissue masses: a current perspective. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2000; 175:575-587PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Llauger J, Palmer J, Monill JM, Franquet T, Bague S, Roson N. MR imaging of benign soft-tissue masses of the foot and ankle. RadioGraphics 1998; 18:1481-1498PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Ma LD, Frassica FJ, Scott WW, Fishman EK, Zerhouni EA. Differentiation of benign and malignant musculoskeletal tumors: potential pitfalls with MR imaging. RadioGraphics 1995; 15:349-366PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. May DA, Good RB, Smith DK, Parsons TW. MR imaging of musculoskeletal tumors and tumor mimickers with intravenous gadolinium: experience with 242 patients. Skeletal Radiol 1997; 26:2-15CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Miller TT. Bone tumors and tumor-like conditions: analysis with conventional radiography. Radiology 2008; 246:662-674CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Murphey MD, Robbin MR, McRae GA, Flemming DJ, Temple HT, Kransdorf MJ. The many faces of osteosarcoma. RadioGraphics 1997; 17:1205-1231PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Narvaez JA, Narvaez J, Aguilera C, De Lama E, Portabella F. MR imaging of synovial tumors and tumor-like lesions. Eur Radiol 2001; 11:2549-2560CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Nomikos GC, Murphey MD, Kransdorf MJ, Bancroft LW, Peterson JJ. Primary bone tumors of the lower extremities. Radiol Clin North Am 2002; 40:971-990CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Panicek DM, Gatsonis C, Rosenthal DI et al. CT and MR imaging in the local staging of primary malignant musculoskeletal neoplasms: report of the Radiology Diagnostic Oncology Group. Radiology 1997; 202:237-246PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Salamipour H, Jimenez RM, Brec SL, Chapman VM, Kalra MK, Jaramillo D. Multidetector row CT in pediatric musculoskeletal imaging. Pediatr Radiol 2005; 35:555-564CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Schoenberg NY, Beltran J. Contrast enhancement in musculoskeletal imaging. Radiol Clin North Am 1994; 32:337-352PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Stacy GS, Mahal RS, Peabody TD. Staging of bone tumors: a review with illustrative examples. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2006; 186:967-976CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Sundaram M, McLeod RA. MR imaging of tumor and tumor-like lesions of bone and soft tissue. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1990; 155:817-824PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Vilanova JC, Woertler K, Narváez JA et al. Soft-tissue tumors update: MR imaging features according to the WHO classification. Eur Radiol 2007; 17:125-138CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Zimmer WD, Berquist TH, McLeod RA et al. Bone tumors: magnetic resonance imaging versus CT. Radiology 1985; 155:709-718PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hospital Vall d’HebronBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Clínica Las Nieves SercosaJaénSpain
  3. 3.University of Girona Chief MRI Unit Clínica GironaGironaSpain

Personalised recommendations