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Sensory Nerves pp 563-587 | Cite as

Role of Calcium in Regulating Primary Sensory Neuronal Excitability

  • T.D. Gover
  • T.H. Moreira
  • D. Weinreich
Part of the Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology book series (HEP, volume 194)

Abstract

The fundamental role of calcium ions (Ca2+) in an excitable tissue, the frog heart, was first demonstrated in a series of classical reports by Sydney Ringer in the latter part of the nineteenth century (1882a, b; 1893a, b). Even so, nearly a century elapsed before it was proven that Ca2+ regulated the excitability of primary sensory neurons. In this chapter we review the sites and mechanisms whereby internal and external Ca2+ can directly or indirectly alter the excitability of primary sensory neurons: excitability changes being manifested typically by variations in shape of the action potential or the pattern of its discharge.

Keywords

Voltage-dependent calcium channels BK channels IK channels SK channels Calcium-dependent currents Extracellular calcium sensor Intracellular calcium stores Calcium ATPase Sodium/calcium exchanger Ryanodine receptor Inositol triphosphate receptor Spike frequency accommodation Spike broadening 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Jessica Swartz for her valuable input to this work and for her critique of an earlier version of this manuscript. This work was supported by NIH grants NS22069 (D.W.) and ST32-NS007375 (T.D.G.).

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • T.D. Gover
    • 1
  • T.H. Moreira
    • 1
  • D. Weinreich
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacology and Experimental TherapeuticsUniversity of Maryland School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA

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