Advertisement

State of the Art on Topic Map Building Approaches

  • Nebrasse Ellouze
  • Mohamed Ben Ahmed
  • Elisabeth Métais
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 8)

Abstract

Topic Maps standard (ISO-13250) has been gradually recognized as an emerging standard for information exploration and knowledge organization. One advantage of topic maps is that they enable a user to navigate and access the documents he wants in an organized manner, rather than browsing through hyperlinks that are generally unstructured and often misleading. Nowadays, the topic maps are generally manually constructed by domain experts or users since the functionality and feasibility of automatically generated topic maps still in progress. In this paper, we give an overview of Topic Map building approaches. These approaches take as input different data types: structured documents, structured knowledge, unstructured documents and semi-structured data, and propose different techniques to build a Topic Map such as merging, mapping from RDF to TM and learning techniques. Some other research works are dedicated to cooperative Topic Map building and another research area deals with automatic generation of TM from XML documents.

Keywords

Knowledge Extraction Knowledge Representation Topic Map (TM) Automatic Construction 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    ISO/IEC :13250. Topic Maps: Information technology-document description and markup languages (2000), http://www.y12.doe.gov/sgml/sc34/document/0129.pdf
  2. 2.
    The Topic Map website, http://www.topicmap.com
  3. 3.
    TopicMaps.Org XTM Authoring Group, XML Topic Maps (XTM) 1.0 (March 3, 2001), www.TopicMaps.org, http://www.topicmaps.org/xtm/1.0/
  4. 4.
    Pepper, S.: Methods for the Automatic Construction of Topic Maps (2002), http://www.ontopia.net/topicmaps/materials/autogen-pres.pdf
  5. 5.
    Ora, L., Swick, R.: Resource Description Framework (RDF) Model and Syntax Specification, W3C Recommendation (1999), http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-rdf-syntax/
  6. 6.
    Pepper, S.: Topic Map Erotica RDF and Topic Maps in flagrante (2002), http://www.ontopia.net/topicmaps/materials/MapMaker_files/frame.htm
  7. 7.
    Gronmo, G.O.: Automagic Topic Maps, (2002), http://www.ontopia.net/topicmaps/materials/automagic.html
  8. 8.
    Reynolds, J., Kimber, W.E.: Topic Map Authoring With Reusable Ontologies and Automated Knowledge Mining. In: XML 2002 Proceedings by deepX (2002)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lin, X., Qin, J.: Building a Topic Map Repository (2002), http://www.knowledgetechnologies.net/proceedings/presentations/lin/xialin.pdf
  10. 10.
    Librelotto, G.R., Ramalho, J.C., Henriques, P.R.: TM-Builder: An Ontology Builder based on XML Topic Maps. Clei electronic journal 7(2), paper 4 (2004)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Roberson, S., Dicheva, D.: Semi-Automatic Ontology Extraction to Create Draft Topic Maps. In: 45th ACM Southeast Conference, Winston-Salem, NC, March 2007, pp. 23–24 (2007)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ahmed, K.: TMShare – Topic Map Fragment Exchange in a Peer-To-Peer Application. (2003), http://www.idealliance.org/papers/dx_xmle03/papers/02-03-03/02-03-03.pdf
  13. 13.
    Lavik, S., Nordeng, T.W., Meloy, J.R.: BrainBank Learning - building personal topic maps as a strategy for learning. IN XML, Washington (2004)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zaher, L.H., Cahier, J.-P., Zacklad, M.: The Agoræ / Hypertopic approach. In: International Workshop IKHS - Indexing and Knowledge in Human Sciences, SdC, Nantes (2006)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dicheva, D., Dichev, C.: TM4L: Creating and Browsing Educational Topic Maps. British Journal of Educational Technology - BJET 37(3), 391–404 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    LeGrand, B., Soto, M.: Topic Maps et navigation intelligente sur le Web Sémantique, AS CNRS Web Sémantique, CNRS Ivry-sur-Seine - (October 2002)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Folch, H., Habert, B.: Articulating conceptual spaces using the Topic Map standard. In: Proceedings XML 2002, Baltimore, December 2002, pp. 8–13 (2002)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Pepper, S., Gronmo, G.O.: Towards a General Theory of Scope (2002), http://www.ontopia.net/topicmaps/materials/scope.htm
  19. 19.
    Kasler, L., Venczel, Z., Varga, L.Z.: Framework for Semi Automatically Generating Topic Maps. TIR-06. In: Proceedings of the 3rd international workshop on text-based information retrieval, Riva del Grada, pp. 24–30 (2006)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ouziri, M.: Semantic integration of Web-based learning resources: A Topic Maps-based approach. In: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT 2006), 0-7695-2632-2/06 $20.00 ©, IEEE, Los Alamitos (2006)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nebrasse Ellouze
    • 1
  • Mohamed Ben Ahmed
    • 1
  • Elisabeth Métais
    • 2
  1. 1.Ecole Nationale des Sciences de l’Informatique, Laboratoire RIADIUniversité de la ManoubaLa ManoubaTunisia
  2. 2.Laboratoire Cedric, CNAMParis cedex 3France

Personalised recommendations