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Biobanking for Public Health

  • Angela Brand
  • Tobias Schulte
  • Nicole M. Probst-Hensch
Conference paper
Part of the Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Deutsches, Europäisches und Internationales Medizinrecht, Gesundheitsrecht und Bioethik der Universitäten Heidelberg und Mannheim book series (IMGB, volume 33)

Abstract

Genome-based biobanking requires a new governance model which integrates the personal values of the people concerned, the medical knowledge necessary to define a “genomic indication” as well as the procedural law which enables those professions and families involved to make an ethically and legally acceptable prioritisation of dissenting interests in genomic services and data. Thus, almost all healthcare systems are currently facing fundamental challenges. New ways of organizing these systems based on genomic health information and technologies and stakeholders’ different needs are essential to meet these challenges in time.

The issue of biobanking has become a specific challenge having major implications for future research and policy strategies as well as for the healthcare systems in general. The various stakeholders in public health play a key role in translating the implications of genome-based research deriving from biobanks for the benefit of population health. In setting the epidemiological research agenda, in balancing individual and social concerns, by promoting meaningful communication about genomics among researchers, professionals, policymakers, public health agencies, and the public, public health organizations will enhance the potential return on public investment in genomic research. Whereas medicine is currently undergoing remarkable developments from its morphological and phenotype orientation to a molecular and genotype orientation, promoting the importance of prognosis and prediction, the discussion about the role of genome-based biobanking for public health still is at the beginning.

The following chapter contributes to this discussion by focussing on the use of genome-based biobanking for public health research, surveillance systems, health policy development, individual health information management and effective health services.

Keywords

Health Technology Assessment Public Health Research Health Impact Assessment Public Health Practice Public Health Ethic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angela Brand
    • 1
  • Tobias Schulte
    • 1
  • Nicole M. Probst-Hensch
    • 2
  1. 1.University of MaastrichtMaastrichtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Centre for Clinical ResearchUniversity of ZurichZurichSwitzerland

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