Large Matrices Arising in Traveling Wave Bifurcations
Traveling wave solutions of reaction-diffusion (semilinear parabolic) systems are studied. The number and stability of these solutions can change via different bifurcations: saddle-node, Hopf and transverse instability bifurcations. Conditions for these bifurcations can be determined from the linearization of the reaction-diffusion system. If an eigenvalue (or a pair) of the linearized system has zero real part, then a bifurcation occurs. Discretizing the linear system we obtain a matrix eigenvalue problem. It is known that its eigenvalues tend to the eigenvalues of the original system as the discretization step size goes to zero. Thus to obtain bifurcation curves we have to study the spectra of large matrices. The general bifurcation conditions for the matrices will be derived. These results will be applied to a reaction-diffusion system describing flame propagation.
KeywordsHopf Bifurcation Travel Wave Solution Implicit Function Theorem Essential Spectrum Bifurcation Curve
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