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Propagated Immortality

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Abstract

The biology of the honeybee is constructed around using energy and material from the environment, and organizing these to ensure the propagation of daughter colonies of the highest quality. This insight is the key to understanding the amazing achievement and performance of honeybees.

Reproduction and sex are two different and essentially independent processes. Reproduction can occur without sex, and sex without reproduction. Reproduction is duplication. The simplest way to achieve duplication is through cell division. Sexual procedures, on the other hand, are based on the fusion of germ cells from two differently sexed individuals and lead, through these combinations, to an increase in diversity in a population. This diversity is important, because it offers the process of selection a broad palette of possibilities from which to choose and maintain an evolutionary progression. Mutations in the genome have the same effect, but these cannot be induced, and they occur and are allocated randomly. Sexuality is not dependent on such chance, and results with certainty in new types with every fertilization.

Keywords

Germ Cell Genetic Makeup Honeybee Coloni Reproductive Individual Honeybee Colony 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

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