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Epilog: The Future for Bees and Mankind

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Abstract

Mankind’s interest in honeybees is ancient, and bees were of importance to our forefathers mainly for their honey and wax. In modern times, the interest in bees has undergone a true renaissance for very different reasons. Albert Einstein (1879–1955) is reported to have said: “When bees vanish from the Earth, mankind will have just four more years to live; no bees, no pollination, no plants, no animals, no humans …”. This sentence should not, at least as far as the time frame is concerned, be taken too literally, but the statement carries more than a little truth. Bees are sensitive indicators of an intact environment, and as essential and persistent shapers of the environment, have a significance that cannot be estimated highly enough.

Keywords

Mandibular Gland Sensitive Indicator Modern Time Royal Jelly Molecular Biological Method 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

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