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Monitoring of Intracranial Pressure (ICP): A Review

  • Jens Aage Kolsen-Petersen
  • Bent Lob Dahl
  • Georg E. Cold
Chapter

Abstract

Everyone interested in neuroanaesthesia talks about intracranial pressure (ICP), but in daily clinical practice nobody measures it during craniotomy. This was the thesis that started this work more than ten years ago. A method for easy monitoring of ICP during surgery, but before opening of dura, was devised and the method was introduced in our daily clinical practice. In this chapter indications for ICP measurement, critical levels of ICP and regional differences in ICP are described. Medical approaches to ICP control are considered, including body position, hyperventilation, hypothermia and administration of barbiturate. The effect of suctioning, positive end-expiratory pressure, sedatives and analgetics are discussed as well as the use of mannitol and hypertonic saline.

Keywords

Cerebral Blood Flow Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Intracranial Pressure Intracranial Hypertension Cerebral Perfusion Pressure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jens Aage Kolsen-Petersen
    • 1
  • Bent Lob Dahl
    • 1
  • Georg E. Cold
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of NeuroanaesthesiaAarhus University HospitalAarhus CDenmark
  2. 2.Aarhus VDenmark

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