Activation from a Legal Point of View: Concluding Remarks


Legislative and administrative changes introducing activation potentially affect several social and labour market policies and many of their dimensions: rules of eligibility and entitlements, behavioural conditions, sanctions, the range of activation measures available to the implementing agent, the organisation, competences and resources of local welfare offices and job centres, the distribution of competences between different levels of government, and, finally, the structure of funding.

In the following, the investigated countries are compared from the legal point of view. At first, on the basis of the country reports, the general legal framework in the investigated countries is addressed. After that, samples from several countries will exemplify certain peculiarities in the realm of legal implementation. Due to the very different design of activation in the countries under scrutiny, direct comparability is not always feasible but it is definitely possible to identify some common tendencies.


Labour Market Legal Rule Social Assistance Unemployment Insurance Legal Norm 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of FuldaGermany
  2. 2.Max Planck Institute (MPI) for Foreign and International Social LawMünchenGermany

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