Supporting Informal Co-located Collaboration in Hospital Work
Informal interactions, an important subject of study in CSCW, are an essential resource in hospital work; they are used as a means to collaborate and to coordinate the way in which the work is performed, as well as to locate and gather the artifacts and human resources necessary for patient care, among others. Results from an observational study of work in a public hospital show that a significant amount of informal interactions happen face to face due to opportunistic encounters. That is due to hospital work being mainly characterized by intense mobility, task fragmentation, collaboration and coordination. This encouraged us to develop an architecture and system tool aimed at supporting mobile co-located collaboration. Based on the findings of our study, this paper presents a set of design insights for developing collaborative applications that support co-located interactions in hospital work, as well as the implementation of these design insights in a collaborative tool. Additionally, we generalized the characteristic that must be fulfilled by tools that support mobile informal co-located collaboration through the design of a generic architecture that includes the characteristics of this type of tools.
KeywordsInformal interactions mobile informal co-located collaboration hospital work
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