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Quaternary Palaeoecology: Africa and its Surroundings

  • Burkhard Frenzel
Part of the Progress in Botany book series (BOTANY, volume 69)

The remarkable richness in biodiversity of various African mountain systems poses several problems, which are difficult to solve in terms of Quaternary vegetation history and palaeoecology because, regrettably, good archives which go far back into the past are repeatedly lacking there. These archives should inform us about: (a) how climate and vegetation might have changed there during the Quaternary; (b) whether palaeoclimatic changes had simultaneously happened everywhere in Africa and, if so, whether these changes had always followed identical tendencies; (c) and — last but not least — at which time and with what consequences a remarkable impact of man on his environment began. For solving these problems the biological and sedimentological contents of deep-sea cores are used, as well as all available palaeoecological tracers on land. It will be seen that — in general — a better knowledge exists only for certain phases of the Last Glaciation and for those of the Holocene, and that still only little information exists on the timing of the first remarkable human impact on his environment in different regions, although the history of mankind in Africa goes back into the distant past.

Keywords

Late Pleistocene Last Glacial Maximum Western Desert Vegetation Belt Olduvai Gorge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Burkhard Frenzel
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Botanik und Botanischer Garten 210Universität HohenheimStuttgartGermany

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