Territorial Cohesion and Transboundary Governance: Insights from the Polish-German and the Czech-German Borders

  • Markus Leibenath
  • Robert Knippschild
Part of the German Annual of Spatial Research and Policy book series (GERMANANNUAL)


The term territorial cohesion has evolved as a new buzz-word among policy-makers and academics dealing with European spatial development. After it was officially introduced in the Amsterdam Treaty establishing the European Community1, the notion soon gained increasing attention in policy discourse. For instance, informal ministerial meetings on territorial cohesion were organised at the EU level in 2004 and 2005. In 2005 a special issue of the British scientific journal Town Planning Review as well as a track of the annual congress of the Association of European Schools of Planning were also dedicated to this theme.


Spatial Development Strategic Environmental Assessment Cohesion Policy Spatial Policy Territorial Cohesion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Blatter J (2004) From’ spaces of Place’ to’ spaces of Flows’? Territorial and Functional Governance in Cross-border Regions in Europe and North-America. In: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Issue 28(3), pp 530–548CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brunet-Jailly E (2004) Toward a Model of Border Studies: What Do We Learn from the Study of the Canadian-American Border? In: Journal of Borderlands Studies, Issue 19(1), pp 1–12Google Scholar
  3. Castells M (1996), The rise of the network society, Oxford, BlackwellGoogle Scholar
  4. Christiansen T, Jørgensen KE (2000) Transnational Governance ‘above’ and ‘below’ the State: The Changing Nature of Borders in the New Europe. In: Regional and Federal Studies, Issue 10, pp 62–77Google Scholar
  5. CPMRE (Conference of Peripheral Maritime Regions of Europe. Forward Studies Unit for the Maritime Peripheries) (2005) Atlantic Spatial Development Perspective. Document to be Discussed During the Steering Committee Meeting of 14th June 2005. Available online:, visited on 23.08.2006Google Scholar
  6. CSD (Committee on Spatial Development) (1999) ESDP European Spatial Development Perspective. Towards Balanced and Sustainable Development of the Territory of the European Union. Available online:, visited on 10.04.2006Google Scholar
  7. de Vries J (2004) Venturing into Unknown Territory: The Making of the Second Benelux Structure Scheme. Paper presented at the 2004 AESOP congress in Grenoble, FranceGoogle Scholar
  8. Dendewicz S (2001) Bestandteile des Regionalplanungsystems und die Raumplanung in Polen [Elements of the Regional Planning Systems in Poland]. In: Bulletin des niederschlesisch-sächsischen Grenzgebietes, Issue 1/2001, pp 7–16Google Scholar
  9. DG Regio (European Commission, Directorate-General Regional Policy) (2004) Interim Territorial Cohesion Report (Preliminary results of ESPON and EU Commission studies). Available online:, visited on 20.06.2006Google Scholar
  10. Droth A, Grimm FD, Haase A (2000) Polen aktuell [Current Poland], Institut für Länderkunde LeipzigGoogle Scholar
  11. ECTP (European Council of Town Planners), CSD (Committee on Spatial Development) (2001) Proceedings of the one-day conference on territorial impact assessment. Available online:, visited on 23.08.2006Google Scholar
  12. EU-COM (European Commission) (2001) Unity, solidarity, diversity for Europe, its people and its territory. Second report on economic and social cohesion. Available online:, visited on 30.06.2006Google Scholar
  13. EU-COM (European Commission) (2003) Structural policies and European territories. Competitiveness, sustainable development and cohesion in Europe. From Lisbon to Gothenburg. Available online:, visited on 20.06.2006Google Scholar
  14. EU-COM (European Commission) (2004) A new partnership for cohesion. Convergence, competitiveness, cooperation. Available online:, visited on 20.06.2006Google Scholar
  15. Faludi A (2003) Territorial Cohesion: Old (French) Wine in New Bottles? Available online:, visited on 27.06.2005Google Scholar
  16. Fürst D (2003) Steuerung auf regionaler Ebene versus Regional Governance [Policymaking at Regional Level versus Regional Governance]. In: Informationen zur Raumentwicklung, Issue 8/9.2003, pp 441–450Google Scholar
  17. Gibbs DC, Jonas AEG, Reimer S, Spooner DJ (2001) Governance, institutional capacity and partnerships in local economic development: theoretical issues and empirical evidence from the Humber Sub-region. In: Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, Issue 26, pp 103–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gualini E (2003) Cross-border Governance: Inventing Regions in a Trans-national Multi-level Polity, DISP 152, pp 43–52Google Scholar
  19. Gualini E (2005) Europeanization and Governance Rescaling: “Territorial Cohesion” as Opportunity for “Re-politicizing” European Spatial Policy and Planning? Available online:, visited on 19.08.2005Google Scholar
  20. Gustedt E (2005) The Territorial Cohesion of Europe — from a ague Notion to a Clear Idea. Available online:, visited on 19.08.2005Google Scholar
  21. Healey P (1997) Collaborative Planning, LondonGoogle Scholar
  22. Healey P (1998) Building institutional capacity through collaborative approaches to urban planning. In: Environment and Planning A, Issue 30, pp 1531–1546CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Healey P (2006) Transforming governance: Challenges of institutional adaptation and a new politics of space. In: European Planning Studies, Issue 14(3), pp 299–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Jajeśniak-Quast D, Stokłosa K (2000) Geteilte Städte an Oder und Neiße. Frankfurt (Oder) — Słubice, Guben — Gubin und Görlitz — Zgorzelec 1945–1995 [Devided Cities on Odra and Nysa rivers. Frankfurt (Oder) — Słubice, Guben — Gubin und Görlitz — Zgorzelec 1945–1995], Frankfurter Studien zur Grenzregion, Band 5, Berlin, Berlin VerlagGoogle Scholar
  25. Jänicke M (2002) The Political System’s Capacity for Environmental Policy: The Framework for Comparison. In: Weidner H, Jänicke M (eds.) Capacity Building in National Environmental Policy. Berlin, Springer, pp 1–18Google Scholar
  26. Klein-Hitpaß K, Leibenath M, Knippschild R (2006) Vertrauen in grenzüberschreitenden Akteursnetzwerken. Erkenntnisse aus dem deutschpolnisch-tschechischen Kooperationsprojekt ENLARGE-NET [Trust in Crossborder Networks of Actors. Findings from the German-Polish-Czech Cooperation Project ENLARGE-NET]. disp 164, pp 59–70. Available online:, visited on 27.06.2006Google Scholar
  27. Knippschild R, Kunert M (2005) Kommunikation und Beteiligung bei der grenzüberschreitenden Leitbildentwicklung in Görlitz/Zgorzelec [Communication and Participation for Cross-border isioning in Görlitz/Zgorzelec]. In: Friedrich K, Knippschild R, Kunert M, Meyer-Künzel M, Neumann I (eds.) Zwei Grenzstädte wachsen zusammen — Im Zukunftsdialog zur Europastadt Görlitz/Zgorzelec [Two Border Cities Growing Together — With a Dialogue about the Future towards the European City Görlitz/Zgorzelec]. München, Oekom, pp 65–80Google Scholar
  28. Książek K, Kunert M (eds.) (2004) Stadt 2030 — Gemeinsames Leitbild für die Europastadt Görlitz/Zgorzelec. Grenzüberschreitende Leitbildentwicklung in einer Stadt zweier Nationen [Joint ision for the Europe City Görlitz/Zgorzelec. Cross-border visioning in a City of Two Nations]. Dresden, ThelemGoogle Scholar
  29. Leibenath M, Knippschild R (2004) ENLARGE-NET — Dritter Evaluierungsbericht [Third Evaluation Report]. Available online:, visited on 22.06.2006Google Scholar
  30. Leibenath M, Knippschild R (2005a) ENLARGE-NET — Vierter Evaluierungsbericht [Fourth Evaluation Report]. Available online:, visited on 22.06.2006Google Scholar
  31. Leibenath M, Knippschild R (2005b) Systemic Evaluation of Cross-Border Networks of Actors: Experience with a German-Polish-Czech Cooperation Project. In: Journal of Borderlands Studies, Issue 20, pp 73–90Google Scholar
  32. Leibenath M, Knippschild R, Hahn A, Simon D, Kyselka I, Marvart J, Polešáková M, Veselý R (2006) Synthese gemeinsamer deutsch-tschechischer Raumordnungsvorhaben zur Stärkung der territorialen Kohäsion Zwischenbericht [Interim Report on the Project “Synopsis of Common German-Czech Spatial Development Projects as a Contribution to Territorial Cohesion”]. Available online: Zw-Bericht Deutsch.pdf, visited on 29.06.2006Google Scholar
  33. Luxembourg Presidency of the Council of the European Union (2005) Scoping document and summary of political messages for an assessment of the Territorial State and Perspectives of the European Union towards a stronger European territorial cohesion in the light of the Lisbon and Gothenburg ambitions. Available online:, visited on 20.06.2006Google Scholar
  34. Neumann I (ed.) (2005) Die Zukunft des deutsch-polnischen Grenzraums gestalten. Szenarien für die Europastadt Görlitz/Zgorzelec im Zuge der EU-Erweiterung [Designing the Future of the German-Polish Borderland. Scenarios for the Europe City Görlitz/Zgorzelec within the Process of EU Enlargement]. Dresden, ThelemGoogle Scholar
  35. Scharpf FW (1997) Games Real Actors Play. Actor-Centred Institutionalism in Policy Research, Boulder, WestviewGoogle Scholar
  36. Schroll-Machl S, Nový I (2003) Perfekt geplant oder genial improvisiert? Kulturunterschiede in der deutsch-tschechischen Zusammenarbeit [Perfect Planning or Ingenious Improvisation? Cultural Differences in German-Czech Collaboration]. München, HamppGoogle Scholar
  37. Scott JW (1999) European and North American contexts for Cross-border Regionalism. In: Regional Studies, Issue 33.7, pp 605–617CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Scott JW (2002) Transboundary Governance in the Baltic Sea Region. Emerging Patterns, Preliminary Results. In: Regional and Federal Studies, Issue 12(4), pp 135–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. SMI (Saxon Ministry of the Interior) (2004) Rothenburger Erklärung zur grenzüberschreitenden Regionalentwicklung Rothenburg [Declaration for Cross-Border Regional Development]. Available online:, visited on 02.11.2004Google Scholar
  40. ÚÚR (Ústav Územniího Rozvoje) (ed.) (2002) Town and Country Planning in the Czech Republic, Praha, ÚÚRGoogle Scholar
  41. Zonneveld W (2005) Expansive Spatial Planning: The New European Transnational Spatial Visions. In: European Planning Studies, Issue 13, pp 137–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Legal Acts

  1. BGBl (Bundesgesetzblatt [Federal Law Gazette]) 1949, III 100–1, Basic Constitutional Law for the Federal Republic of Germany from 23 May 1949, most recently amended by the amending law dated 26 July 2002 (BGBl I, 2863). Available online:, visited on 17.10.2005Google Scholar
  2. BGBl (Bundesgesetzblatt [Federal Law Gazette]) 1992, II 462, Deutsch-Tschechischer Staatsvertrag über gute Nachbarschaft von 1992 [German-Czech treaty on good neighbourhood of the year 1992]Google Scholar
  3. BGBl (Bundesgesetzblatt [Federal Law Gazette]) 1991, II 1315, Deutsch-Polnischer Staatsvertrag über gute Nachbarschaft und freundschaftliche Zusammenarbeit von 1991 [German-Czech treaty on good neighbourhood of the year 1991]Google Scholar
  4. BGBl (= Bundesgesetzblatt [Federal Law Gazette]) 1997 II, 1159, Agreement of Karlsruhe of the year 1997Google Scholar
  5. OJEC (Official Journal of the European Union) 2000/L 327/1, Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policyGoogle Scholar
  6. OJEC (Official Journal of the European Union) 2001/L 197/30, Directive 2001/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 June 2001 on the assessment of the effects of certain plans and programmes on the environmentGoogle Scholar
  7. OJEC (Official Journal of the European Union) 1997/C 340/35, Consolidated Version of the Treaty Establishing the European CommunityGoogle Scholar
  8. OJEC (Official Journal of the European Union) 2004/C 310/1, Treaty Establishing a Constitution for EuropeGoogle Scholar
  9. OJEC (Official Journal of the European Union) 2006/L 210/19, Regulation (EC) No 1082/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 July 2006 on a European grouping of territorial co-operation (EGTC)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Markus Leibenath
    • 1
  • Robert Knippschild
    • 1
  1. 1.Ecological Development (IOER)Leibniz Institute of RegionalDresden

Personalised recommendations