Semiconductors as Detectors
Compared with other materials, semiconductors have unique properties that make them very suitable for the detection of ionizing radiation. Furthermore, semiconductors — especially silicon — are the most widely used basic materials for electronic amplifying elements (transistors) and more recently for complete microelectronics circuits. Thus part of the process technology that already existed in (micro) electronics could be taken or adapted for detector production. Integration of detector and electronics can be envisaged. In the following, the properties of important semiconductor materials will be discussed.
KeywordsHole Pair Fano Factor Absorption Length Radiation Length Foreign Atom
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