Coexistence of Cluster Phases

Part of the Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics book series (SSAOPP, volume 42)


This chapter introduces the concept of time scales and their relation to observations and to the applicability of general relationships. It then discusses in detail the basis, for small systems, of coexistence of phases over ranges of temperature and pressure, and of the origin of the inapplicability of the Gibbs phase rule to small systems. The role of entropy and the nature of temperature for such systems are discussed. Negative heat capacities and their origin are a topic of analysis here.


Aggregate State Phase Coexistence Vibrational Temperature Cluster Temperature Microcanonical Ensemble 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

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