Tuberculosis: A Reemerging Disease at the Interface of Domestic Animals and Wildlife

  • M. V. Palmer
Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 315)

Complex interactions involving humans, domestic animals, and wildlife create environments favorable to the emergence of new diseases. Today, reservoirs of Mycobacterium bovis, the causative agent of tuberculosis in animals and a serious zoonosis, exist in wildlife. The presence of these wildlife reservoirs is the direct result of spillover from domestic livestock in combination with anthropogenic factors such as translocation of wildlife, supplemental feeding of wildlife and wildlife populations reaching densities beyond normal habitat carrying capacities. As many countries attempt to eradicate M. bovis from domestic livestock, efforts are impeded by spillback from wildlife reservoirs. It will not be possible to eradicate M. bovis from livestock until transmission between wildlife and domestic animals is halted. Such an endeavor will require a collaborative effort between agricultural, wildlife, environmental and political interests.


Wild Boar Supplemental Feeding Fallow Deer Mycobacterium Bovis Deer Density 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. V. Palmer
    • 1
  1. 1.Bacterial Diseases of Livestock Research UnitNational Animal Disease Center, Agricultural Research ServiceAmesUSA

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