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Overviews of Pathogen Emergence: Which Pathogens Emerge, When and Why?

  • S. Cleaveland
  • D. T. Haydon
  • L. Taylor
Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 315)

An emerging pathogen has been defined as the causative agent of an infectious disease whose incidence is increasing following its appearance in a new host population or whose incidence is increasing in an existing population as a result of long-term changes in its underlying epidemiology (Woolhouse and Dye 2001). Although we appear to be in a period where novel diseases are appearing and old diseases are spreading at an unprecedented rate, disease emergence per se is not a new phenomenon. It is almost certain that disease emergence is a routine event in the evolutionary ecology of pathogens, and part of a ubiquitous response of pathogen populations to shifting arrays of host species. While our knowledge of emerging diseases is, for the most part, limited to the time span of the human lineage, this history provides us with a modern reflection of these deeper evolutionary processes, and it is clear from this record that at many times throughout human history, demographic and behavioural changes in society have provided opportunities for pathogens to emerge.

Keywords

West Nile Virus Rabies Virus Canine Distemper Virus Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Pathogen Emergence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Cleaveland
    • 1
  • D. T. Haydon
    • 2
  • L. Taylor
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Royal (Dick) School of VeterinaryUniversity of EdinburghRoslinUK
  2. 2.Division of Environmental and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK
  3. 3.Institute for Stem Cell ResearchUniversity of EdinburghEdinburghUK

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