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Water Exchange and Water Transport in the Baltic Sea

  • Lars Håkanson
  • Andreas C. Bryhn
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

It is not possible to quantify, understand and predict changes in concentrations of chemical substances (nutrients, metals, radionuclides or organic toxins) in aquatic systems, e.g., related to costly remedial measures, without process-based massbalance calculations. This is true at all temporal and spatial scales and for all types of aquatic systems and for all types of substances. The quantification of water fluxes and retention rates are fundamental in mass-balances for nutrients (eutrophication) and this has been clear since Vollenweider presented the first loading models for phosphorus in lakes in 1968 (Vollenweider, 1968).

Keywords

Water Transport Uncertainty Band Water Balance Study Empirical Uncertainty Water Retention Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lars Håkanson
    • 1
  • Andreas C. Bryhn
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. Earth SciencesUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden

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