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Basic Information on the Baltic Sea

  • Lars Håkanson
  • Andreas C. Bryhn
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Empirical data ultimately form the basis for most environmental studies. As Goethe once eloquently put it: “Grey, dear friend, is all theory, and green the golden tree of life”. The focus of this chapter is on empirical data and empirical models. Extensive databases on the conditions in the Baltic Sea and other aquatic systems have been “data-mined” and in this chapter we will present results showing variations of target variables related to the eutrophication in the Baltic Sea (nutrient concentrations, chlorophyll-a concentrations and Secchi depths) and trend analyses to see if therehave been any changes in these variables in the Baltic Sea.

Keywords

Total Nitrogen Secchi Depth Wave Base Land Uplift Dynamic Ratio 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lars Håkanson
    • 1
  • Andreas C. Bryhn
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. Earth SciencesUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden

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