Ocular Blood Flow in Disease: Other Diseases

  • Makoto AraieEmail author
  • Junko Kami

Core Messages

  • Central retinal artery (CRA) occlusion is often associated with intraluminal calcific emboli in the retro-laminar portion of the central retinal artery (CRA).

  • Central retinal vein (CRV) occlusion is associated with decrease in CRA and CRV blood velocity and increase in vascular resistance in the CRA.

  • Ocular ischemic syndrome is most often caused by severe stenosis of internal carotid artery (ICA) and reversal of ophthalmic artery (OA) blood flow is a feature of ICA occlusion.

  • Uveitis such as Behcet’s disease or sarcoidosis is reportedly associated with decreased blood velocity in the CRA and posterior ciliary arteries (PCA).

  • Non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is associated with decreased blood velocity in the CRA, PCA or OA. Disturbance of retrobulbar circulation is also reported in patients with optic neuritis.

  • In essential hypertension, blood velocity in the CRA or PCA was decreased, implying increased peripheral vascular resistance, while...


Optic Neuritis Retinal Vein Occlusion Peak Systolic Velocity Ophthalmic Artery Central Retinal Vein Occlusion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyUniversity of Tokyo School of MedicineTokyoJapan

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