The Need for Change
The governance of food safety presents a formidable series of challenges, both in general and, more specifically, within the context of the European Union.1 The purpose of this chapter is to outline and explore some of these challenges, bringing into focus the conceptual ideas upon which we may build in order to address them. The existing conditions that necessitate change in food safety governance arrangements within the EU will be discussed and related to potential procedural and institutional responses. As such, this chapter introduces and defines the terms used to describe the various stages in the governance process, as well as some of the specific problems encountered during each of these activities. These concepts will be further expanded upon in subsequent chapters describing a general framework for food safety governance within the European Union that can address the challenges discussed here.