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Development of a High Oil Trait for Maize

  • L. Dale Val
  • Steven H. Schwartz
  • Michael R. Kerns
  • Jill DeikmanEmail author
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 63)

Maize oil is valued as a component of animal feed and as food. Approximately half of maize consumed in the USA in 2006 was used domestically for animal feed, 31% was processed for ethanol, food or industrial use, and 19% was exported (USDA 2007). With the recent growth in use of maize for ethanol production, interest in the recovery of oil from the grain has increased (Hojilla-Evangelista and Johnson 2003).

While the composition of maize grain is suitable for feeding a variety of livestock, increasing the oil content of the grain improves its nutritional value further, due in large part to the increase in metabolizable energy (Han et al. 1987; Song et al. 2003). In addition, high oil maize typically has more protein, lysine and carotenoids than conventional maize (Han et al. 1987). Lambert (2001) reviewed a number of studies with poultry, swine, sheep and dairy cattle that demonstrated improved growth, feed efficiency and/or product quality from animals fed rations that included high oil maize.

Keywords

Quantitative Trait Locus Fatty Acid Synthesis Acyl Carrier Protein Maize Kernel Diacylglycerol Acyltransferase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, B.V 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Dale Val
    • 1
  • Steven H. Schwartz
    • 1
  • Michael R. Kerns
    • 1
  • Jill Deikman
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Monsanto CompanyDavisUSA

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