Advertisement

Surgery for Hyperthyroidism

  • Peter E. Goretzki
  • Bernhard J. Lammers
Chapter
  • 1.1k Downloads

Keywords

Thyroid Stimulate Hormone Thyroid Surgery Antithyroid Drug Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Paralysis Subtotal Thyroidectomy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Paschke R, Ludgate M (1997) The thyrotropin receptor in thyroid diseases. N Engl J Med 337:1675–1681PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Krohn K, Paschke R (2001) Clinical review 133. Progress in understanding the etiology of thyroid autonomy. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 86:3336–3345PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Führer D, Mix M, Willegerodt H, Holzapfel HP, von Petrykowski W, Wonerow P, Paschke R (1998) Autosomal dominant nonautoimmune hyperthyroidism. Clinical features — diagnosis — therapy. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 106:10–15Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cooper DC (2003) Hyperthyroidism. Lancet 362:459–468PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Davison S, Lennard TWJ, Davison J, Kendall-Taylor P, Perros P (2001) Management of a pregnant patient with Graves’ disease complicated by thionamide-induced neutropenia in the first trimester. Clin Endocrinol 54:559–561CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Röher HD, Horster FA, Frilling A, Goretzki PE (1991) Morphologie und funktionsgerechte Chirurgie verschiedener Hyperthyreoseformen. Chirurg 62:176–181PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Goretzki PE, Dotzenrath C, Witte J, Schulte KM, Röher HD (2000) Chirurgie des Morbus Basedow. Viszeralchirurgie 35:117–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dralle H, Sekulla C, Lorenz K, Grond S, Irmscher B (2004) Ambulante und kurzstationäre Schilddrüsen-und Nebenschilddrüsenchirurgie. Chirurg 75:131–143PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Demers LM, Spencer CA (2003) Laboratory medicine practice guidelines: diagnosis and management of thyroid disease. Thyroid 13:45–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Meller J, Jauho A, Hüfner M (2000) Disseminated thyroid autonomy or Graves’ disease: reevaluation by a second-generation TSH receptor antibody assay. Thyroid 10:1073–1079PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Meller J, Wisheu S, Munzel U, et al (2000) 99mTcTUbased radio-iodine therapy of Plummer’s disease. Eur J Nucl Med 27:1286–1291PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bartalena L, Brogioni S, Grasso L, et al (1996) Treatment of amiodarone induced thyrotoxicosis, a difficult challenge: results of a prospective study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 81:2930–2933PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gerstein HC (1990) How common is postpartum thyroiditis? Arch Intern Med 150:1397–1400PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Beckers A, Abs R, Mahler C, et al (1991) Thyrotropin-secreting pituitary adenomas: report of seven cases. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 72:477–483PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Desai RK, Norman RJ, Jialol I, et al (1988) Spectrum of thyroid function abnormalities in gestational trophoblastic neoplasia. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 29:583–592Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hershman JM (1992) Role of human CG as a thyroid stimulator. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 74:258–259PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Judd ES, Buie LA Jr (1962) Hyperthyroidism associated with struma ovarii. A rare surgical challenge. Arch Surg 84:692–697PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    King AWC, Ma JTC, Wang C, et al (1990) Hyperthyroidism during pregnancy due to coexistence of struma ovarii and Graves’ disease. Postgrad Med J 66:132–133Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Grüters A (2004) Besonderheiten von Autoimmunerkrankungen der Schilddrüse bei Kindern. Z Arztl Fortbild Qualitatssich 98:67–71PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ginsberg J (2003) Diagnosis and management of Graves’ disease. CMAJ 168:575–585PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Trivalle C, Doucet J, Chassague P, et al (1996) Differences in the signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism in older and younger patients. J Am Geriatr Soc 44:50–53PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Lahey FH (1931) Non-activated (apathic) type of hyperthyroidism. N Engl J Med 204:747–748CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Mokshaguidam AD, Wong NCW (1994) Age-related changes in thyroid hormone action. Eur J Endocrinol 131:451–461Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Meng W (1992) Medikamentöse Therapie des Morbus Basedow: Langzeitergebnisse. Akt Endokrinol Stoffw 13:9–15Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Quadbeck B, Janssen OE, Mann K (2004) Therapie des Mb.Basedow: Probleme und neue Entwicklungen: medikamentöse Therapie. Z Arztl Fortbild Qualitatssich 98:37–44PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Schaaf L, Pohl T, Schmidt R, et al (1993) Screening for thyroid disease in a working population. Clin Investig 71:126–131PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Vanderpump MPJ, Tunbridge WMG, French JW, Appleton D, Bates D, Rodgers H, Evans JG, Clark F, Tunbridge F, Young ET (1995) The incidence of thyroid disorders in the community: a twenty-year follow up of the Wickham survey. Clin Endocrinol 43:55–68Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Yunta PJ, Ponce JL, Prieto M, Lopez-Aznar D, Sancho-Fornos S (2001) Solitary adrenal gland metastasis of a follicular thyroid carcinoma presenting with hyperthyroidism. Ann Endocrinol (Paris) 62:226–229Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Nordyke RA, Gilbert FI, Harada AS (1998) Graves’ disease. Influence of age on clinical findings. Arch Intern Med 148:626–631CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Witte J, Goretzki PE, Dotzenrath C, Simon D, Röher HD (2000) Surgery for Graves’ disease: total versus subtotal thyroidectomy — results of a prospective randomized trial. World J Surg 24:1303–1311PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Parle JV, Maisonneuve P, Sheppard MC, Boyle P, Franklyn JA (2001) Prediction of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in elderly people from one low serum thyrotropin result: a 10-year cohort study. Lancet 358:861–865PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Canaris GJ, Manowik NR, Mayor G, Ridgway EC (2000) The Colorado thyroid disease prevalence study. Arch Intern Med 160:526–534PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Mishra A, Agarwal A, Agarwal G, Mishra SK (2001) Total thyroidectomy for benign thyroid disorders in an endemic region. World J Surg 25:307–310PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Momotani N, Noh J, Oyanagi H, et al (1986) Antithyroid drug therapy in Graves’ disease during pregnancy. N Engl J Med 315:24–28PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Sawin CT (2002) Subclinical hyperthyroidism and atrial fibrillation. Thyroid 12:501–503PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Kreuzberg U, Theissen P, Schicha H (2000) Single-channel activity and expression in atrial l-type Ca (2+) channels in patients with latent hyperthyroidism. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 278:723–730Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Seminara SB, Daniels GH (1998) Amiodarone and the thyroid. Endocr Pract 4:48–57PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Williams M, Lo Gerfo P (2002) Thyroidectomy using local anesthesia in critically ill patients amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis: a review and description of the technique. Thyroid 12:523–525PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Bogazzi F, Miccoli P, Berti P, Cosci C, Brogioni S, Aghini-Lombard, Materazzi G, Bartalena L, Pinchera A, Bravermann LE, Martino E (2002) Preparation with iopanoic acid rapidly controls thyrotoxic patients with amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis before thyroidectomy. Surgery 132:1114–1117PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Pruijm MT, Pereira AM (2004) Thyrotoxic crisis in patient with Graves’ disease. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 148:1691–1694PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Klein I, Ojamaa K (2001) Thyroid hormone and the cardiovascular system. N Engl J Med 344:501–509PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Pruijm MT, Pereira AM. Thyrotoxic crisis in an patient with Graves’ disease. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd (2004) 148:1691–1694PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Caparros-Lefebvre D, Benabdallah S, Bertagna X, Ekindi N (2003) Subacute motor neuropathy induced by T3 hyperthyroidism. Ann Med Interne (Paris) 154:475–478Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Fazio S, Palmieri EA, Lombardi G, Biondi B (2004) Effects of thyroid hormone on the cardiovascular system. Recent Prog Horm Res 59:31–50PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Goretzki PE, Dotzenrath C, Witte J, Schulte KM, Roher HD (2000) Chirurgie des Morbus Basedow. Viszeralchirurgie 35:117–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Plummer S, Boothby WM (1923) The value of iodine in exophthalmic goitre. Coll Pap Mayo Clin Mayo Found 69:565–576Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Atkins P, Cohen SB, Phillips BJ (2000) Drug therapy for hyperthyroidism in pregnancy: safety issues for mother and fetus. Drug Saf 23:229–244PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Miehle K, Paschke R (2003) Therapy of hyperthyroidism. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 111:305–311PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Davidson S, Lennard TW, Davison J, Kendall-Taylor P, Perros P (2001) Management of a pregnant patient with Graves’ disease complicated by thionamide-induced neutropenia in the first trimester. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2001 54:559–561CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Al-Fakhri N, Schwartz A, Runkel N, Buhr HJ (1998) Rate of complications with systemic exposure of the recurrent laryngeal nerve and parathyroid glands in operations for benign thyroid gland disease. Zentralbl Chir 123:21–24PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Röher HD, Goretzki PE, Hellmann P, Witte J (1999) Risiken und Komplikationen der Schilddrüsenchirurgie. Chirurg 70:999–1010PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Kahaly G, Kampmann C, Mohr-Kahaly S (2002) Cardiovascular hemodynamic and exercise tolerance in thyroid disease. Thyroid 12:473–481PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Bilosi M, Binquet C, Goudet P, Lalanne-Mistrih ML, Brun JM, Cougard P (2002) Is subtotal thyroidectomy still indicated in patients with Graves’ disease? Ann Chir 127:115–120PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Goretzki PE, Dotzenrath C, Witt J, Schulte KM, Röher HD (2000) Chirurgie des Morbus Basedow. Viszeralchirurgie 35:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    de Ronde W ten Have SM van Daele PL Feelders RA van der Lely 2004 Hungry bone syndrome characterized by prolonged symptomatic hypocalcemia as a complication of the treatment hyperthyroidism. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 148231–234PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Kurihara H (2002) Total thyroidectomy for the treatment of hyperthyroidism in patients with ophthalmopathy. Thyroid 12:265–267PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Werga-Kjellman P, Zedenius J, Tallstedt L, Traisk F, Lundell G, Wallin G (2001) Surgical treatment of hyperthyroidism: a ten-year experience. Thyroid 11:187–192PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Rosato L, Avenia N, Bernante P, De Palma M, Gulino G, Nasi PG, Pelizzo MR, Pezzullo L (2004) Complications of thyroid surgery: analysis of a multicentric study on 14,934 patients operated on in Italy over 5 years. World J Surg 28:271–276.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Mittendorf EA, McHenry CR (2001) Thyroidectomy for selected patients with thyrotoxicosis. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 127:61–65PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Robert J, Mariethoz S, Pache JC, Bertin D, Caulfield A, Murith N, Peytremann A, Goumaz M, Garcia B, Martin-Du Pan R, Jacot-des-Combes B, Burger A, Spiliopoulos A (2001) Short-and long-term results of total vs subtotal thyroidectomy in the surgical treatment of Graves’ disease. Swiss Surg 7:20–24PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Yamashita H, Noguchi S, Murakami T, Uchino S, Watanabe S, Ohshima A, Toda M, Yamashita H, Kawamoto H (2001) Predictive risk factors for postoperative tetany in female patients with Graves’ disease. J Am Coll Surg 192:465–468PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Schneider P, Biko J, Demidchik YE, Drozd VM, Capozza RF, Cointry GR, Frreti JL (2004) Impact of parathyroid status and Ca and Vitamin-D supplementation on bone mass and muscle-bone relationship in 208 Belarussian children after thyroidectomy because of thyroid carcinoma. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 112:444–450PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Thomusch O, Sekulla C, Machens A, Neumann HJ, Timmermann W, Dralle H (2004) Validity of intra-operative neuromonitoring signals in thyroid surgery. Langenbecks Arch Surg 389:499–503PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Acun Z, Cihan A, Ulukent SC, Comert M, Ucan B, Cakmak GK, Cesur A (2004) A randomized prospective study of complications between general surgery residents and attending surgeons in near-total thyroidectomies. Surg Today 34:997–1001PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Pelizzo MR, Toniato A, Piotto A, Bernante P, Pagetta C, Bernandi C (2001) Prevention and treatment of intra-post-operative complications in thyroid surgery. Ann Ital Chir 72:723–726Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Rosato L, Avenia N, Bernante P, De Palma M, Gulino G, Nasi PG, Pelizzo MR, Pezzullo L (2004) Complications of thyroid surgery: analysis of a multicentric study on 14,934 patients operated on in Italy over 5 years. World J Surg 28:271–276PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Panzer C, Beazley R, Bravermann L (2004) Rapid preoperative preparation for severe hyperthyroid Graves’ disease. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:5866–5867Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Dumont JE, Jauniaux JC, Roger PP, et al (1989) The cyclic AMP-mediated stimulation of cell proliferation. Trends Biochem Sci 14:67–71PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Dralle H, Sekulla C (2004) Morbidität nach subtotaler und totaler Thyreoidektomie beim Morbus Basedow: Entscheidungsgrundlage für Operationsindikation und Resektionsausmaß. Z Arztl Fortbild Qualitatssich 98:45–53PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Chi SY, Hsei KC, Sheen-Chen SM, Chou FF (2005) A Prospective randomized comparison of bilateral subtotal thyroidectomy versus unilateral total and contralateral subtotal thyroidectomy for Graves’ disease. World J Surg 29:160–163PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Gemsenjäger E, Valko P, Schweizer I (2002) Basedow disease. From subtotal to total thyroidectomy. Schweiz Rundsch Med Prax 91:206–215PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Bilosi M, Binquet C, Goudet P, Lalanne-Mistrih ML, Brun JM, Cougard P (2002) Is subtotal thyroidectomy still indicated in patients with Graves’ disease? Ann Chir 127:115–120PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Brunova J, Bruna J, Joubert G, Koning M (2003) Weight gain in patients after therapy for hyperthyroidism. S Afr Med J 93:529–531PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Yamashita H, Noguchi S, Murakami T, Uchino S, Watanabe S, Ohshima A, Kawamoto H, Toda M, Yamashita H (2000) Calcium and its regulating hormones in patients with Graves’ disease: sex differences and relation to postoperative tetany. Eur J Surg 166:924–928PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Claret-Gardette M, Lalanne-Mistrih ML, Verges B, Goudet P, Brun Cougard P (2003) Does thyroidectomy worsen Graves’ ophthalmopathy? Ann Chir 128:88–93PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Miccoli P, Bellantone R, Mourad M, Walz M, Rafaelli M, Berti P. Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy: multiinstitutional experience. World J Surg 26:972–975Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Gabriele R, Letizia C, Borghese M, De Toma G, Celi M, Izzo L, Cavallaro A (2003) Thyroid cancer in patients with hyperthyroidism. Horm Res 60:79–83PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Lian X, Bai Y, Tang W, Dai W, Guo Z (2000) A clinical study on coincidence with hyperthyroidism and thyroid carcinoma. Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 22:273–275PubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Lin CH, Chiang FY, Wang LF (2003) Prevalence of thyroid cancer in hyperthyroidism treated by surgery. Kaohsiung J Med Sci 19:379–384PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Bitton RN, Sachmechi I, Tabriz MS, Murphy L, Wassermann P (2001) Papillary carcinoma of the thyroid with manifestations resembling Graves’ disease. Endocr Pract 7:106–109PubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Moleti M, Mattina F, Salamone I, Violi MA, Nucera C, Baldari SL, Schiavo MG, Regalbuto C, Trimarchi F, Vermiglio F (2003) Effects of thyroidectomy alone or followed by radio-iodine ablation of thyroid remnants on the outcome of Graves’ ophthalmopathy. Thyroid 13:653–658PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Takamia H, Ikeda Y (2003) Total endoscopic thyroidectomy. Asian J Surg 26:82–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Shimizu K, Tanaka S (2003) Asian perspective on endoscopic thyroidectomy — a review of 193 cases. Asian J Surg 26:92–100PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Berti P, Materazzi G, Galleri D, Donatini G, Minuto M, Micolli P (2004) Video-assisted thyroidectomy for Graves’ disease: report of a preliminary experience. Surg Endosc 18:1208–1210PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Yamamoto M, Sasaki A, Asahi H, Shimada Y, Sato N, Nakajima J, Mashima R, Saito K (2001) Endoscopic subtotal thyroidectomy for patients with Graves’ disease. Surg Today 31:1–4PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Schabram J, Vorländer C, Wahl RA (2004) Differentiated operative strategy in minimally invasive, video-assisted thyroid surgery. Results in 196 patients. World J Surg 28:1282–1286PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Kraimps JL, Bouin-Pineau MH, Mathonnet M, De Calan L, Roncer Visset J, Marechaud R, Barbier J (2001) Multicentre study of thyroid nodules in patients with Graves’ disease. Br J Surg 87:1111–1113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Suzuki K, Nakagawa O, Aizawa Y (2001) A case of pulmonary metastatic thyroid cancer complicated Graves’ disease. Endocr J 48:175–179PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Badenhoop K, Usadel KH (1994) Therapie der Hyperthyreose. In: Reinwein D, Weinheimer B (eds) Schilddrüse 1993. de Gruyter Berlin-New York, pp 352–359Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Sivanandan R, Ng LG, Khin LW, Lim TH, Soo KC (2004) Postoperative endocrine function in patients with surgically treated thyrotoxicosis. Head Neck 26:331–337PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Tigas S, Idiculla J, Beckett G, Toft A (2000) Is excessive weight gain after ablative treatment of hyperthyroidism due to inadequate thyroid hormone therapy. Thyroid 10:1107–1111PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter E. Goretzki
    • 1
  • Bernhard J. Lammers
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryLukaskrankenhaus of the Heinrich-Heine University DüsseldorfNeussGermany

Personalised recommendations