Introduction: Planning Research Methods



Planning is a profession that is concerned with shaping our living environment. (2000) observes that the profession of planning is alive and more plans have been made recently than ever before. As an example, a comprehensive plan sets the basis of land use policies and guides a community from where it is today to where we want it to be in the future. As the concept of sustainable development and the need for public involvement in planning by diverse groups become more widely accepted among politicians, policy-makers and the general public, it is critical to incorporate impact assessment and analysis into the planning and decision-making process. During such a process, planners bring stakeholders together (e.g., elected officials, business representatives, developers, community groups, residents, etc.) to set development goals and policies (e.g., what are we trying to achieve and how?). To do so, all stakeholders in a community should work together to analyze, compare, contrast and prioritize different development alternatives for a sustainable future (Smith et al., 2000; Wang, 2001). Planners, in particular, have the responsibility of gathering and evaluating available data, as well as accurately presenting future consequences of different action proposals to all stakeholders (Halls, 2001).


Geographic Information System Metropolitan Statistical Area Location Quotient Planning Support System Traffic Analysis Zone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Batty, M., M. Dodge, B. Jiang and A. Smith. 1999. Geographical Information Systems and urban design. In: J. Stillwell, S. Geertman and S. Openshaw (eds). Geographical Information and Planning. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  2. Bracken, Ian. 1981. Urban Planning Methods: Research and Policy Analysis. London: Methuen & Co. Ltd.Google Scholar
  3. Brail, Richard K. and Richard E. Klosterman (eds). 2001. Planning Support Systems: Integrating Geographic Information Systems, Models, and Visualization Tools. Redlands: ESRI Press.Google Scholar
  4. Brail, Richard K. 1987. Microcomputers in Urban Planning and Management. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey.Google Scholar
  5. Cartwright, Timothy J. 1993. Modeling the World in a Spreadsheet. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Frenchman, Dennis. 2000. Planning shapes urban growth and development. In: Lloyd Bodwin and Bishwapriya Sanyal (eds). The Profession of City Planning. New Brunswick, NJ: Center for Urban Policy Research, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey.Google Scholar
  7. Halls, P.J. 2001. Geographic information science: innovation driven by application. Computers. Environment and Urban Systems, 25(1), 1–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Huxhold, William E., Patrick S. Tierney, David R. Turnpaugh, Bryan J. Maves and Kevin T. Cassidy. 1997. GIS County User Guide. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Isserman, Andrew M. 2000. Economic base studies for urban and regional planning. In: Lloyd Bodwin and Bishwapriya Sanyal (eds.). The Profession of City Planning. New Brunswick, NJ: Center for Urban Policy Research, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey.Google Scholar
  10. Klosterman, Richard E. 1999. The what if? collaborative planning support system. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 26: 393–408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Singh, R. R. 1999. Sketching the city: a GIS-based approach. Environment And Planning B: Planning And Design, 26: 455–468.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Smith, J., J. Blake and A. Davies. 2000. Putting sustainability in place: sustainable communities projects in Huntingdonshire. Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, 2(3): 211–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Wang, Xinhao. 2001. Integrating water quality management and land use planning in a watershed context. Journal of Environmental Management, 61(1): 25–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press, Beijing and Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Personalised recommendations