The Random-Phase Approximation
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In this chapter we extend the TDA particle-hole formalism of Chap. 9 to include correlations in the nuclear ground state. This sophisticated particle-hole formalism is called the random-phase approximation (RPA). In this description the simple Hartree-Fock particle-hole vacuum is replaced by a correlated ground state involving many-particle-many-hole excitations of the simple particle-hole vacuum. The resulting configuration mixing in excited states is more involved in the RPA than it is in the TDA. The ground-state correlations induce both particle-hole and hole-particle components in the RPA wave function.
KeywordsElectromagnetic Transition Basic Excitation Magic Nucleus Correlate Ground State Double Commutator
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